The ancestors of the name Crutendend date back to the days of the Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. The name is derived from their residence in the village of Crotynden (Crittenden or Cruttenden) in West Kent
. This lost village is thought to have derived its name from the Old English personal name
Gu(dh)here + Old English "-ing" and "denn," literally meaning "person living near a woodland pasture." (Oxford)
Another source claims the name was derived from "the cot on the lower hill; from cru, a cot; tane, lower, and dun or din, a hill; or it may be the chalk hill, from krit, Saxon, chalk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
Early Origins of the Crutendend family
The surname Crutendend was first found in West Kent
at Crittenden. While this is the generally accepted origin of the name one source claims the family originally "came from Criddon, formerly Critendone (Cridela's hill), in Shropshire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
Early History of the Crutendend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crutendend research.Another 198 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 148 and 1481 are included under the topic Early Crutendend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crutendend Spelling Variations
Crutendend has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred
years, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Crutendend have been found, including Crittenden, Cruttenden, Critenden, Crutenden and many more.
Early Notables of the Crutendend family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Crutendend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crutendend family to Ireland
Some of the Crutendend family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crutendend family to the New World and Oceana
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England
, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Crutendends to arrive on North American shores: George Crittenden who arrived in San Francisco in 1852 with his wife, six children, and two servants; Albert Crittenden, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1876.