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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the Irish Crowley family come from? What is the Irish Crowley family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crowley family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crowley family history?

Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Crowley is "O Cruadhlaoich." This is derived from the words "cruadh," which means "hard," and "laoch," which means "hero." [1]

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Names from the Middle Ages demonstrate many spelling variations. This is because the recording scribe or church official often decided as to how a person's name was spelt and in what language. Research into the name Crowley revealed many variations, including Crowley, Crowly, O'Crowley, Croaley, Croawley, O'Crowly and many more.

First found in Moylurg, in the County Roscommon, where they started as a branch of the MacDermots. It is from Teige, a Prince of Moylurg, down to Cruadhlaoch that the line of descent for the Crowleys begins. A junior branch of the Crowley family also emerged and moved to the area of Dunmanway, in the west of County Cork. They eventually became a distinct sept with their chief at Kilshallow, thriving while their parent family gradually withered. The majority of the Crowley family came to be found in the county of Cork, with three-quarters of the family being born there in modern times. [2]


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowley research. Another 237 words(17 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1658, 1713, 1819 and 1857 are included under the topic Early Crowley History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 77 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crowley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence began, many Irish settlers took the side of England, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America and Australia. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name Crowley or a variant listed above, including:

Crowley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Alice Crowley settled in Jamaica in 1661

Crowley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Patk Crowley, aged 39, landed in New York, NY in 1803
  • Daniel Crowley, who landed in America in 1831
  • Walter Crowley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • Timothy Crowley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848
  • Philip Crowley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1849


Crowley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Chas Crowley, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Cornelius Crowley, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752

Crowley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Mary Crowley, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • James Crowley, aged 27, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the barque "Independence" from Kinsale
  • Cornelius Crowley, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Thomas Hanford" from Cork
  • Catherine Crowley arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Thomas Hanford" from Cork
  • Ellen Crowley, aged 29, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Thomas Hanford" from Cork


Crowley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Nicholas Crowley, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Ellen Crowley, aged 20, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Nashwauk"
  • Jeremiah Crowley, aged 22, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Royal Albert"
  • Simon Crowley, aged 20, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Royal Albert"

Crowley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Frederick Crowley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Sarah E. Crowley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Kate Crowley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Jonathan Crowley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • William Crowley, aged 26, a farm labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875


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  • Mart Crowley (b. 1935), American playwright and screenwriter
  • Kathleen Crowley (b. 1932), American actress
  • William Michael "Bill" Crowley (1857-1891), American Major League Baseball player
  • Candy Alt Crowley (b. 1948), American news anchor, CNN's Chief Political Correspondent
  • Thomas M. Crowley (1935-2013), American businessman and legislator, Vermont State Senator (1966-1990)
  • Frank Crowley (b. 1939), Irish politician, who was Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork, North West
  • Evin Crowley (b. 1945), Northern Irish actress
  • Brian Crowley (b. 1964), Irish Fianna Fáil politician, Member of the European Parliament
  • Bob Crowley (b. 1955), Irish five-time Tony Award winning theatre director, scenic and costume designer
  • Carrie Crowley (b. 1964), Irish actress

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  1. ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
  2. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)

Other References

  1. Kennedy, Patrick. Kennedy's Book of Arms. Canterbury: Achievements, 1967. Print.
  2. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Read, Charles Anderson. The Cabinet of Irish Literature Selections from the Works of the Chief Poets, Orators and Prose Writers of Ireland 4 Volumes. London: Blackie and Son, 1884. Print.
  4. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  5. Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
  6. O'Hart, John. Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4).
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  9. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  10. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  11. ...

The Crowley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crowley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 22 April 2015 at 15:56.

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