The ancestors of the bearers of the Crowlay family name are thought have lived in ancient Anglo-Saxon England
. They were first found in either the settlement of Crowell, which is in the county of Oxfordshire
, or in the place of the same name in Spofforth in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. The latter settlement no longer exists. The surname Crowlay belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Crowlay family
The surname Crowlay was first found in Oxfordshire
at Crowell, a parish, in the union of Thame, hundred
of Lewknor. However, Walmer in Kent
was also home to some of the family since early times. "Near the church is a deep fosse, with other vestiges of ancient intrenchments; and in the churchyard several stone coffins were discovered about 50 years since, supposed to have belonged to the Crowl family, of whom Sir Nicholas, in the reign of Edward I., erected a mansion in the village, of which there are still some remains." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list Robert de Croule in Worcestershire
and Richard de Crowell, or Richard de Crol in Lincolnshire
. Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 listed Johannes de Crull and Thomas de Crull. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Crowle is a small town and civil parish on the Isle of Axholme in Lincolnshire
and a parish in Worcestershire
. The Crowle spelling of the name is today most numerous in Cornwall.
Early History of the Crowlay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowlay research.Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1657, 1661, 1679, 1754, 1757, 1724 and 1747 are included under the topic Early Crowlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crowlay Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Crowlay include Crowell, Crowel, Croull, Crowill, Crawll and others.
Early Notables of the Crowlay family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Alderman George Crowle, English politician, Sheriff of Kingston upon Hull in 1657, and mayor in 1661 and 1679 and his grandson, Richard Crowle, an... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crowlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crowlay family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Crowlay or a variant listed above: John and Thomas Crowell who settled in Yarmouth around the year 1640; Jane Crowell settled in Virginia in 1635; Michael Crowell settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1733.