The name Cronyn has undergone many variations in the time that has passed since its genesis. In Gaelic it appeared as "O Croinin," which derives from the word "cron," which meant "brown" or "dark."
Early Origins of the Cronyn family
The surname Cronyn was first found in County Cork
(Irish: Corcaigh) the ancient Kingdom of Deis Muin (Desmond), located on the southwest coast of Ireland
in the province of Munster.
Saint Crónán (died 640) was the abbot-bishop and patron of the diocese of Roscrea. His feasy day is April 28th. Mo Chua or Crónán mac Bécáin (died 637) was the founder of Balla, which later merged into that of Tuam, Ireland. Apparently the two were not related.
Temple Cronan is a ruined medieval chapel built near a holy well in the Burren, County Clare, Ireland. It dates from the 12th century and may have been originally built to serve as a pagan temple. The building looks to have been renovated in the 15th century, but it is thought that this stone structure replaced a wooden structure that is thought to have been founded by Saint Cronan.
Early History of the Cronyn family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cronyn research.Another 264 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1172 and 1659 are included under the topic Early Cronyn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cronyn Spelling Variations
One must realize that attempting to record a Gaelic name in English was a daunting task. Even today the translation is a difficult one. Names, therefore, often had many spelling variations
. The variations of the name Cronyn include: Cronin, Cronyn, Cronine, Croynin, Cronan, Cronnin, Cronnan, Cronnyn, Cronen, O'Cronin, Croynan and many more.
Early Notables of the Cronyn family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Cronyn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cronyn family to the New World and Oceana
Suffering from poverty and racial discrimination, thousands of Irish families
left the island in the 19th century for North America aboard cramped passenger ships. The early migrants became settlers of small tracts of land, and those that came later were often employed in the new cities or transitional work camps. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine
during the late 1840s. Although the immigrants from this period were often maligned when they arrived in the United States, they provided the cheap labor that was necessary for the development of that country as an industrial power. Early immigration and passenger lists have revealed many immigrants bearing the name Cronyn:
Cronyn Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- B.B. Cronyn, aged 32, who emigrated to America from London, in 1894
Cronyn Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Ference Cronyn, aged 13, who settled in America from London, England, in 1916
- Hugh Cronyn, aged 9, who settled in America from London, England, in 1916
- Margaret Cronyn, aged 45, who landed in America from Kent, England, in 1916
Cronyn Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
- Charles S. Cronyn, aged 36, who emigrated to Toronto, Canada, in 1907
- Benjamin Cronyn, aged 51, who settled in Toronto, Canada, in 1914
- Hume Cronyn, aged 50, who settled in London, Canada, in 1914
- Frances Cronyn, aged 47, who emigrated to London, Canada, in 1916
- Honor Cronyn, aged 22, who settled in London, Canada, in 1922
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cronyn Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- margaret Cronyn, aged 24, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Thomas Arbuthnot"
- John Cronyn, aged 20, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Storm Cloud"
- Bridget Cronyn, aged 21, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Storm Cloud"
Contemporary Notables of the name Cronyn (post 1700)
- Frederick Cronyn (1896-1938), Canadian politician and solicitor
- Hume Cronyn (1864-1933), Canadian politician and lawyer
- Hume Cronyn OC (1911-2003), Canadian actor of stage and screen who often starred with his second wife, Jessica Tandy
- Benjamin Cronyn (1802-1871), the first bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Huron
- John Cronyn Tovey (1885-1971), 1st Baron Tovey, British admiral