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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the Irish Cronin family come from? What is the Irish Cronin family crest and coat of arms? When did the Cronin family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Cronin family history?

The name Cronin has undergone many variations in the time that has passed since its genesis. In Gaelic it appeared as "O Croinin," which derives from the word "cron," which meant "brown" or "dark."


One name was often recorded under several different spellings during the life of its bearer because one must realize that attempting to record a Gaelic name in English is a daunting task at the best of times. Spelling variations revealed in the search for the origin of the Cronin family name include Cronin, Cronyn, Cronine, Croynin, Cronan, Cronnin, Cronnan, Cronnyn, Cronen, O'Cronin, Croynan and many more.

First found in County Cork (Irish: Corcaigh) the ancient Kingdom of Deis Muin (Desmond), located on the southwest coast of Ireland in the province of Munster, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cronin research. Another 264 words(19 lines of text) covering the years 1172 and 1659 are included under the topic Early Cronin History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Cronin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


The 18th and 19th centuries saw many Irish families immigrate to North America in search of land and opportunities. The largest influx of Irish immigrants to the United States and British North America came during the 1840s when the Great Potato Famine laid waste to their homeland. Hundreds of thousands left the island in an attempt to escape the starvation and disease it brought. Although the arrival of such a large number of destitute Irish was not welcomed by the established population in the United States and what would become known as Canada at the time, these Irish were an essential element to the rapid development of these growing industrial nations. They filled the demand for the cheap labor needed for the work in factories and in the construction of bridges, roads, canals, and railways. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has revealed many immigrants bearing the name of Cronin or one of its variants:

Cronin Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Johannes Cronin who settled in Philadelphia in 1738

Cronin Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Stephen Cronin, who arrived in America in 1811
  • Timothy Cronin, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1828
  • Daniel Cronin, who landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1837
  • Michael Cronin, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838
  • John Cronin, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1849

Cronin Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Denis Cronin, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1829
  • John Cronin, aged 28, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the barque "Pallas" from Cork
  • Martin Cronin, aged 28, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Ann & Mary" from Cork
  • Dennis Cronin, aged 29, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the brig "Matilda" from Cork
  • Johanna Cronin, aged 21, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the brig "Matilda" from Cork

Cronin Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Cronin, a tanner, arrived in Van Diemenís Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Daniel Cronin, aged 29, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Reliance"
  • James Cronin, aged 27, Irish Convict from Ireland, who was transported aboard the "Aboukir" on December 24, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Jeremiah Cronin, aged 23, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Neptune"
  • Jeremiah Cronin, aged 44, a carpenter, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "William Hammond"

Cronin Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Patrick Cronin landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Patrick Cronin, aged 38, a farm labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • Mary Cronin, aged 36, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • Timothy Cronin, aged 11, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • Mary Cronin, aged 9, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842


  • James Watson Cronin (b. 1931), American physicist who shared a Nobel Prize in 1980
  • Cornelius Cronin (1838-1912), American sailor who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the American Civil War
  • Kevin Cronin (b. 1951), American lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist, and occasional pianist for the American rock band, REO Speedwagon
  • Colonel Henry Francis Cronin CBE (1894-1977), British civil engineer and army officer
  • John Desmond Cronin (1916-1986), British surgeon and politician
  • Vincent Cronin (b. 1924), British historical, cultural, and biographical writer
  • Archibald Joseph Cronin (1896-1981), Scottish novelist and physician, author of "The Keys of the Kingdom"


  • Descendants of Michael Cronin and Pricillah Pulley Cronin by Daniel Cronin.
  • The Genealogy of John Cronin, Sr. (1862-1945) by Melinda Cronin.

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  1. Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
  2. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  3. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  4. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Ireland and Her People A Library of Irish Biography 5 Volumes. Chicago: Fitzgerald. Print.
  6. Rasmussen, Louis J. . San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists 4 Volumes Colma, California 1965 Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1978. Print.
  7. MacLysaght, Edward. Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7).
  8. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  9. Sullivan, Sir Edward. The Book of Kells 3rd Edition. New York: Crescent Books, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-517-61987-3).
  10. MacLysaght, Edward. Mores Irish Familes. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0).
  11. ...

The Cronin Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cronin Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 November 2014 at 14:18.

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