name Critendon comes from the family having resided in the village of Crotynden (Crittenden or Cruttenden) in West Kent
. This lost village is thought to have derived its name from the Old English personal name
Gu(dh)here + Old English "-ing" and "denn," literally meaning "person living near a woodland pasture." (Oxford)
Another source claims the name was derived from "the cot on the lower hill; from cru, a cot; tane, lower, and dun or din, a hill; or it may be the chalk hill, from krit, Saxon, chalk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
Early Origins of the Critendon family
The surname Critendon was first found in West Kent
at Crittenden. While this is the generally accepted origin of the name one source claims the family originally "came from Criddon, formerly Critendone (Cridela's hill), in Shropshire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
Early History of the Critendon family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Critendon research.Another 77 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 148 and 1481 are included under the topic Early Critendon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Critendon Spelling Variations
Critendon has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred
years, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Crittenden, Cruttenden, Critenden, Crutenden and many more.
Early Notables of the Critendon family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Critendon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Critendon family to the New World and Oceana
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England
, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Critendons to arrive on North American shores: George Crittenden who arrived in San Francisco in 1852 with his wife, six children, and two servants; Albert Crittenden, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1876.