The ancient roots of the Critendane family name are in the Anglo-Saxon
culture. The name Critendane comes from when the family lived in the village of Crotynden (Crittenden or Cruttenden) in West Kent
. This lost village is thought to have derived its name from the Old English personal name
Gu(dh)here + Old English "-ing" and "denn," literally meaning "person living near a woodland pasture." (Oxford)
Another source claims the name was derived from "the cot on the lower hill; from cru, a cot; tane, lower, and dun or din, a hill; or it may be the chalk hill, from krit, Saxon, chalk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
Early Origins of the Critendane family
The surname Critendane was first found in West Kent
at Crittenden. While this is the generally accepted origin of the name one source claims the family originally "came from Criddon, formerly Critendone (Cridela's hill), in Shropshire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
Early History of the Critendane family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Critendane research.Another 198 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 148 and 1481 are included under the topic Early Critendane History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Critendane Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations
under which the name Critendane has appeared include Crittenden, Cruttenden, Critenden, Crutenden and many more.
Early Notables of the Critendane family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Critendane Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Critendane family to Ireland
Some of the Critendane family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Critendane family to the New World and Oceana
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England
at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Critendane arrived in North America very early: George Crittenden who arrived in San Francisco in 1852 with his wife, six children, and two servants; Albert Crittenden, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1876.