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Origins Available: English, French


The name Crisp was brought to England by the Normans when they conquered the country in 1066. It comes from the Old English given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname which means curly-haired. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Much of the popularity of the name in the early Middle Ages is a result of the popularity of St. Crispin, who was martyred at Soissons in 285 AD.

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The surname Crisp was first found in Oxfordshire where they had been granted the lands of Cowley by William the Conqueror for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The source Old English Bynames lists the name in the Latin form: Benedictus Crispus c.1030 as the first record of the family. Almost two hundred years later, Walter Crips was listed in the source Early London Personal Names as living there c. 1200. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Later the family became well established in Norfolk, where they are to this day well known.

In Norfolk, the family goes back at least as far as the 14th century. "In 1388, Richard Crispe was patron of the living of Cockthorp, to which he presented one of the family; another Richard Crispe was buried in Erenze church in 1517." [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the following: Robert le Crespe in Oxfordshire; Thomas le Crespe in Somerset; and Gilbert le Crispe in Oxfordshire. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Crisp family name include Crisp, Cripps, Crispin, Crispe, Crisppin, Crispp and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crisp research. Another 483 words (34 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1533, 1603, 1788, 1749, 1625, 1600, 1643, 1599, 1666 and 1630 are included under the topic Early Crisp History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crisp Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Crisp family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Crisp family to immigrate North America:

Crisp Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Benjamin Crisp, who arrived at Waterdown, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Benjamin Crisp, who landed in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1639
  • Francis Crisp, a servant sent to Virginia in 1659
  • Anth Crisp, who arrived in Virginia in 1663
  • Christopher Crisp, who arrived in Virginia in 1677
  • ...

Crisp Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Edward Crisp, who arrived in Rappahannock, VA in 1727

Crisp Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Downing Crisp, who came to Galveston, TX in 1836
  • George Crisp, aged 35, arrived in New York, NY in 1855

Crisp Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Benjamin Crisp, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • Emma Crisp, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "America" on December 30, 1830, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Richard Crisp arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846
  • G. Crisp arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Woodall" in 1849
  • Thomas Crisp arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Posthumous" in 1850
  • ...

Crisp Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Crisp arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
  • Mary Crisp arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
  • W. S. Crisp arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
  • Elizabeth Crisp arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Nimroud" in 1860
  • Walter Crisp, aged 23, a carpenter, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Maori" in 1864
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  • Covelli Loyce "Coco" Crisp (b. 1979), American Major League baseball center fielder
  • Charles Frederick Crisp (1845-1896), American Democratic politician, Representative from Georgia (1883-1896) and Speaker of the House (1891-1895)
  • Quentin Crisp (1908-1999), born Denis Charles Pratt, an English writer and raconteur
  • George William "Donald" Crisp (1882-1974), English Academy Award winning film actor for his supporting role in How Green Was My Valley (1941)
  • Frank Crisp (1843-1919), English lawyer and microscopist
  • Norman James "N.J." Crisp (1923-2005), British television writer, dramatist and novelist
  • Terry Crisp (b. 1943), Canadian NHL ice hockey center, member of two Stanley Cup championship teams
  • Thomas Crisp (1876-1917), recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Ruth Crisp (d. 1960), New Zealand poet, philanthropist
  • Bob Crisp (1911-1994), South African cricketer
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Crisp Historic Events



RMS Titanic

  • Mr. Albert Hector Crisp (d. 1912), aged 35, English Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
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  • Ancestors and Descendants of James Milton Crisp (1834-1925) and Wife, Sarah Catherine (James) Crisp (1841-1911).
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Citations



  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.

Other References

  1. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  2. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  3. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  4. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  5. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  7. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  8. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  9. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  10. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  11. ...

The Crisp Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crisp Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 29 June 2016 at 10:33.

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