Show ContentsCripps History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Cripps is a name that came to England in the 11th century wave of migration that was set off by the Norman Conquest of 1066. Cripps comes from the Old English given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname which means curly-haired. [1] Much of the popularity of the name in the early Middle Ages is a result of the popularity of St. Crispin, who was martyred at Soissons in 285 AD.

Early Origins of the Cripps family

The surname Cripps was first found in Oxfordshire where they had been granted the lands of Cowley by William the Conqueror for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The source Old English Bynames lists the name in the Latin form: Benedictus Crispus c.1030 as the first record of the family. Almost two hundred years later, Walter Crips was listed in the source Early London Personal Names as living there c. 1200. [2] Later the family became well established in Norfolk, where they are to this day well known.

In Norfolk, the family goes back at least as far as the 14th century. "In 1388, Richard Crispe was patron of the living of Cockthorp, to which he presented one of the family; another Richard Crispe was buried in Erenze church in 1517." [3] The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the following: Robert le Crespe in Oxfordshire; Thomas le Crespe in Somerset; and Gilbert le Crispe in Oxfordshire. [1]

Early History of the Cripps family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cripps research. Another 242 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1533, 1603, 1788, 1749, 1599, 1666, 1625, 1600, 1643, 1599, 1666, 1630, 1628 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Cripps History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cripps Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Cripps include Crisp, Cripps, Crispin, Crispe, Crisppin, Crispp and many more.

Early Notables of the Cripps family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Nicholas Crisp (1599?-1666), English Royalist, descended from a family possessing estates in Gloucestershire and engaged in trade in London; Ellis Crisp (died 1625), Sheriff of London; Tobias Crisp D.D. (1600-1643), an English clergyman and reputed antinomian; and Sir Nicholas Crispe, 1st Baronet (c.1599-1666), an English Royalist and a wealthy merchant who pioneered the...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cripps Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cripps Ranking

In the United States, the name Cripps is the 16,588th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [4]

Ireland Migration of the Cripps family to Ireland

Some of the Cripps family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Cripps migration to the United States +

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Crippss to arrive on North American shores:

Cripps Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Zachary Cripps, who arrived in Virginia in 1621 [5]
  • Kath Cripps, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [5]
  • Marg Cripps, who landed in Virginia in 1650 [5]
  • Mary Cripps, who arrived in Virginia in 1650 [5]
  • Math Cripps, who landed in Virginia in 1651 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cripps Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Cripps, who arrived in Virginia in 1715 [5]
  • Nathaniel Cripps, who landed in America in 1765 [5]

Australia Cripps migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cripps Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Cripps, (b. 1810), aged 24, English convict who was convicted in Buckinghamshire, England for life for stealing, transported aboard the "Augusta Jessie" on 27 September 1834, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1879 [6]
  • William Cripps, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • Charles Cripps, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Stebonheath" in 1850 [8]
  • Mr. William Cripps, British convict who was convicted in Newport, Isle of Wright for 7 years, transported aboard the "Equestrian" on 27th August 1852, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Island) [9]

Contemporary Notables of the name Cripps (post 1700) +

  • Mick Cripps, American musician
  • John Marten Cripps (d. 1853), English traveller and antiquary, son of John Cripps [10]
  • David Cripps, English horn-player and conductor, former principal horn in the London Symphony Orchestra
  • Sir Cyril Humphrey Cripps (1915-2000), English businessman and a philanthropist
  • Arthur Shearly Cripps (1869-1952), English Anglican priest, short story writer, and poet
  • Annabelle Cripps (b. 1968), American-born, English two-time silver medalist competitive swimmer at the 1986 Edinburgh Games
  • Harry Cripps (1941-1995), English professional footballer who played from 1958 to 1976
  • Charles Alfred Cripps KCVO, PC, QC (1852-1941), English lawyer and statesman, 1st Baron Parmoor, Lord President of the Council in 1924
  • Sir Richard Stafford Cripps (1889-1952), English statesman who served as the Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1947 to 1950
  • John Ernest Lane Cripps AO (1927-2022), British-Australian horticulturalist, best known for breeding the Pink Lady ('Cripps Pink') and Sundowner ('Cripps Red') apples
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Royal Oak
  • William A. Cripps, British Stoker Petty Officer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak (1939) when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [11]

  1. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  5. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th August 2020). Retrieved from
  7. State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from
  8. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The STEBONHEATH 1850. Retrieved
  9. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th May 2022).
  10. Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020
  11. Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from on Facebook