As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish
and English nations, many Flemish
migrants settled in Britain. The Crail history starts with such a migration. As the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name
. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname
surnames refers either directly or indirectly to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, physical appearance, habits, or character, among other attributes. Flemish
names of this type frequently feature the prefixes li
le, which meant the.
The surname Crail is a nickname for a cross-grained, ill-tempered, or fractious person. The surname Crail may have been applied as a nickname for some who was crabby. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English word crabba,
which means crab,
or from the Old English word crabbe,
which means wild apple.
This latter reference implies that the origin may lie as a habitation name "one who lives near the wild apple trees."
Early Origins of the Crail family
The surname Crail was first found in Cambridge but the Crail variant may have come from much farther north in Fife
where the former royal burgh so named was derived from the Pictish word "caer" which meant fort. Today Crail is the home to the oldest golf club in the world, instituted in February 1786. One of the most famous early family members was John Crabbe (fl.1305-1352), a Flemish
merchant, pirate and soldier. He defended Berwick Castle for the Scots against English forces in 1318, but after being captured by the English in 1332, he then assisted the English when they again besieged at Berwick in 1333.
Early History of the Crail family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crail research.Another 307 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1319, 1332, 1754, 1832, 1945, 1621 and 1680 are included under the topic Early Crail History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crail Spelling Variations
surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations
. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish
settlers in England
, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish
names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Crabb, Crabbe, Crab, Crabe and others.
Early Notables of the Crail family (pre 1700)
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crail Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crail family to Ireland
Some of the Crail family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 180 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crail family to the New World and Oceana
Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Crail or a variant listed above: John Crabb who settled in Boston in 1630; followed by another John Crabb, who settled in Dorchester in 1630; who arrived on the sailing ship "Mary and John.".
Contemporary Notables of the name Crail (post 1700)
- Joseph Crail (1877-1938), American Republican politician, Served in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War; Lawyer; U.S. Representative from California 10th District, 1927-33 ; Candidate in primary for U.S. Senator from California, 1932
- Joe Crail (1877-1938), American politician, United States Representative from California