Craignel History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Early Origins of the Craignel family
The surname Craignel was first found in Stirlingshire, where the name may have been an occupational name for someone who bakes biscuits as "a cracknel is a kind of crisp biscuit." 
However, another source disagrees with this theory stating the name is from a "dweller at 'Craca's Slope' or Corner from the [Anglo-Saxon Craca, genit. Cracan + heal(h] 2 Craca's Hall [Old English heall] Hardly a nickname from the biscuit so called." 
And another source claims the name is from Craigneill, a location name in Edinburgh. 
The name seems to be from northern England too as Elias de Crackenhall was listed in Yorkshire in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1220. A very rare name, the next listing of the family was more than 300 years later in 1524, when Robert Craknell was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Staffordshire. 
Crakehall is a township, in the parish and union of Bedale, wapentake of Hang-East, in the North Riding of Yorkshire and Elmer with Crakehill is a township, in the parish of Topcliffe, union of Thirsk, wapentake of Birdforth, also in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 
Great and Little Crakehall date back to the Domesday Book when they were listed as Crachele  and literally meant "nook of land frequented by crows or ravens." 
Early History of the Craignel family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craignel research. Another 97 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1462, 1567 and 1571 are included under the topic Early Craignel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Craignel Spelling Variations
The variation in the spelling of Medieval names is a result of the lack of spelling rules in the English language prior to the last few hundred years. Before that time, scribes spelled according to sound, often varying the spelling of name within a single document. Craignel has appeared as Cracknell, Craigingelt, Craigneill, Craignall, Craignell, Cracknall and many more.
Early Notables of the Craignel family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Craignel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Craignel family
As the persecution of Clan families continued, they sailed for North America in increasing numbers. In most cases, they found the freedom and opportunity they sought. Land was often available and the American War of Independence allowed Scots an opportunity to solidify their independence from the English crown. These settlers and their ancestors went on to play essential roles in the forging of the nations of the United States and Canada. Among them: William Craknall who arrived in New England in 1670.