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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Swiss


As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish and English nations, many Flemish migrants settled in Britain. The Crabill history starts with such a migration. As the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames refers either directly or indirectly to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, physical appearance, habits, or character, among other attributes. Flemish names of this type frequently feature the prefixes lile, which meant the. The surname Crabill is a nickname for a cross-grained, ill-tempered, or fractious person. The surname Crabill may have been applied as a nickname for some who was crabby. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English word crabba, which means crab, or from the Old English word crabbe, which means wild apple. This latter reference implies that the origin may lie as a habitation name "one who lives near the wild apple trees."

Crabill Early Origins



The surname Crabill was first found in Cambridge but the Crail variant may have come from much farther north in Fife, Scotland where the former royal burgh so named was derived from the Pictish word "caer" which meant fort. Today Crail is the home to the oldest golf club in the world, instituted in February 1786. One of the most famous early family members was John Crabbe (fl.1305-1352), a Flemish merchant, pirate and soldier. He defended Berwick Castle for the Scots against English forces in 1318, but after being captured by the English in 1332, he then assisted the English when they again besieged at Berwick in 1333.

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Crabill Spelling Variations


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Crabill Spelling Variations



Flemish surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish settlers in England, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Crabb, Crabbe, Crab, Crabe and others.

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Crabill Early History


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Crabill Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crabill research. Another 307 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1319, 1332, 1754, 1832, 1945, 1621 and 1680 are included under the topic Early Crabill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Crabill Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Crabill Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crabill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Crabill In Ireland


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Crabill In Ireland



Some of the Crabill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 180 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first North American settlers with Crabill name or one of its variants: John Crabb who settled in Boston in 1630; followed by another John Crabb, who settled in Dorchester in 1630; who arrived on the sailing ship "Mary and John." He moved to Connecticut in 1632. Richard Crabb was a representative in 1639 from Wethersfield, Massachusetts.

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Contemporary Notables of the name Crabill (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Crabill (post 1700)



  • S. M. Crabill, American politician, Candidate for Governor of Maryland, 1903

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Crabill Family Crest Products


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Crabill Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    2. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    3. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
    4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
    5. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    6. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    7. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    8. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
    10. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    11. ...

    The Crabill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crabill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 3 December 2016 at 18:18.

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