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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


The surname Cliff is derived from the Old English word "clif," which means cliff, rock, or steep descent. It is thought to have been a name used for someone who lived near a sloping cliff or the bank of a river. As such, the surname Cliff belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.

Cliff Early Origins



The surname Cliff was first found in Shropshire and Cheshire. The latter county "in the hundred of Northwich, is Clive, from whence their ancestor Warin assumed his name in the time of Henry II. About the reign of Edward II the family removed to Huxley, also in Cheshire, Henry de Clive having married the co-heiress. " [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
The Shropshire branch claim descent from the village and civil parish so named. "James Clive with the heiress of Styche, of Styche, they settled in Shropshire at that place, which is in the parish of Moreton-Say, and has remained uninterruptedly in the Clive family." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, KB MP FRS (1725-1774), was born in the parish at Styche Hall and is buried in the church at Moreton Say.

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Cliff Spelling Variations


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Cliff Spelling Variations



Welsh surnames are relatively few in number, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations. There are many factors that explain the preponderance of Welsh variants, but the earliest is found during the Middle Ages when Welsh surnames came into use. Therefore, scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, which often resulted in a single person's name being inconsistently recorded over his lifetime. The transliteration of Welsh names into English also accounts for many of the spelling variations: the unique Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh had many sounds the English language was incapable of accurately reproducing. It was also common for members of a same surname to change their names slightly, in order to signify a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations. For all of these reasons, the many spelling variations of particular Welsh names are very important. The surname Cliff has occasionally been spelled Cliffe, Cliff, Clive, Cleeves, Cleave, Cleaves and many more.

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Cliff Early History


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Cliff Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cliff research. Another 275 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1725, 1774 and 1767 are included under the topic Early Cliff History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cliff Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cliff Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Cliff Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



In the 1800s and 1900s, many Welsh families left for North America, in search of land, work, and freedom. Those who made the trip successfully helped contribute to the growth of industry, commerce, and the cultural heritage of both Canada and the United States. In the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Cliff

Cliff Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Cliff, who arrived in Maryland in 1667

Cliff Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Daniel and Sarah Cliff arrived in New York in 1823 with six children

Cliff Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Henry Cliff, aged 24, a farm servant, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Stag"
  • William Cliff, aged 21, a farm servant, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Stag"
  • Jacob Cliff, English convict from Rutland, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on April 16, 1855, settling in Western Australia [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

Cliff Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Cliff, aged 24, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cliff (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cliff (post 1700)



  • Norman Cliff, American psychology professor
  • Michelle Cliff (b. 1946), Jamaican-born, American author
  • David T. "Dave" Cliff FBCS CITP (b. 1966), British Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Bristol and Director of the UK LSCITS (Large Scale Complex IT Systems) Initiative
  • Tony Cliff (1917-2000), born Yigael Gluckstein, Trotskyist revolutionary activist, founding member of the Socialist Review Group
  • Leslie Cliff OC (b. 1955), Canadian three-time gold medalist swimmer, active in the early 1970s
  • John Cliff (1883-1977), British transport executive, the first Assistant General Secretary of the Transport and General Workers' Union (1924-1935) Chairman of the London County Council (1946-1947)
  • James "Jimmy" Cliff OBE (b. 1948), Jamaican reggae musician, inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010
  • Ian Cliff OBE (b. 1952), British diplomat, Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001-2005), Ambassador to Sudan (2005-2007), Head of UK Delegation to the OSCE (2007-2011), Ambassador to Kosovo (2011-2015)Chargé d'Affaires to Croatia ()2015-)
  • Dave Cliff (b. 1944), British jazz musician
  • Clarice Cliff (1899-1972), British ceramic artist active from 1922 to 1963
  • ... (Another 1 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In cruce glorior
Motto Translation: I glory in the cross.


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Cliff Family Crest Products


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Cliff Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

Other References

  1. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  2. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  3. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  4. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  5. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  6. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  9. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  10. Morgan, T. J. Morgan and Prys Morgan. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1985. Print.
  11. ...

The Cliff Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cliff Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 September 2015 at 08:58.

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