Show ContentsCleveland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Cleveland belongs to the early history of Britain, it's origins lie with the Anglo-Saxons. It is a product of their having lived in Cleveley or Cleveland-Port, hamlets in the parish of Ormesby, union of Guisborough in Yorkshire, both in the generally in the Cleveland Vale (hilly district), of Yorkshire. [1] [2]

Early Origins of the Cleveland family

The surname Cleveland was first found in Yorkshire where the first records of the family were found in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1370: Johannes de Clyveland; and Robertus de Clyveland, 1379. [3]

Early History of the Cleveland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cleveland research. Another 80 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1575, 1613, 1658, 1613, 1658, 1632, 1645, 1651 and 1717 are included under the topic Early Cleveland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cleveland Spelling Variations

Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Cleveland include Cleveland, Cleaveland, Clyveland and others.

Early Notables of the Cleveland family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include John Cleveland (1613-1658), an English poet, graduated Christ's College, Cambridge in 1632, opposed the election of Oliver Cromwell as member for Cambridge in the Long Parliament, and lost his college post as a result in 1645. His name is properly spelt Cleiveland, from the former residence of the family in Yorkshire. [4] The Cleavelands were...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cleveland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cleveland Ranking

In the United States, the name Cleveland is the 907th most popular surname with an estimated 32,331 people with that name. [5]

United States Cleveland migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Cleveland were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Cleveland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Moses Cleveland, born in Suffolk, England, who settled in Massachusetts in 1640
  • Moses Cleveland, who landed in Woburn, Massachusetts in 1641 [6]
Cleveland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • R. S. Cleveland, who settled in New York State in 1823
  • Daniel Cleveland, who arrived in Texas in 1835 [6]
  • D. A. and W. Cleveland settled in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • Mrs. W B Cleveland, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [6]
  • W P Cleveland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cleveland Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Whitney William Cleveland, who arrived in Alabama in 1923 [6]

Canada Cleveland migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cleveland Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Josiah Cleveland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Samuel Cleveland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Aaron Cleveland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Mr. Cleveland, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Keturah Cleveland U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cleveland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Cleveland, who landed in Canada in 1834

Australia Cleveland migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cleveland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Robert Cleveland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Morley" in 1840 [8]
  • Eliza Cleveland, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [9]

New Zealand Cleveland migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cleveland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Edward Cleveland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1865
  • Thomas Cleveland, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1865

Contemporary Notables of the name Cleveland (post 1700) +

  • Annette Cleveland, American politician, Member of the Washington Senate from the 49th district
  • "Baby" Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), American first child of United States President Grover Cleveland and the First Lady Frances Cleveland, eponym of the "Baby Ruth" candy bar
  • Rose Elizabeth Cleveland (1846-1918), American First Lady of the United States from 1885 to 1886, sister of President Grover Cleveland
  • The Reverend Dr. James Edward Cleveland (1931-1991), American four-time Grammy Award winning gospel singer, musician, and composer, known as the King of Gospel music
  • Esther Cleveland (1893-1980), second child of Grover Cleveland, born in the White House, the first child of a President to be born there
  • Richard Fitch Cleveland (1929-2002), American three-time gold medalist competition swimmer at the 1951 Pan American Games
  • Benjamin Cleveland (1738-1806), American pioneer and soldier in North Carolina who served as a colonel in the North Carolina militia during the Revolutionary War
  • Stephen Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), American politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States
  • Frances Folsom Cleveland (1864-1947), American 22nd and 24th First Lady of the United States, wife of president Cleveland
  • Harlan Cleveland (1918-2008), American diplomat, educator, author and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • ... (Another 58 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. George Cecil  Cleveland (1870-1917), English Boatswain aboard the HMCS Stadacona from Boats Kent, England, United Kingdom who died in the Halifax Explosion (1917) [10]

The Cleveland Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Semel et semper
Motto Translation: Once and always.

Suggested Readings for the name Cleveland +

  • An Account of the Lineage of General Moses Cleaveland of Canterbury (Windham County) Connecticut, the Founder of the City of Cleveland, Ohio by Horace Gillette Cleveland.

  1. Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  5. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  6. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MORLEY 1840. Retrieved from
  9. State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from
  10. Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from on Facebook