The Norman Conquest
in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Chume family lived in Kent
, where they held lands and a family seat
at Fairbourne (later Fairlawn).
Early Origins of the Chume family
The surname Chume was first found in Kent
, where the Chume family was anciently seated as Lords of the Manor of Fairbourne (later Fairlawn). At the taking of the Domesday Book
in 1086, a survey initiated by Duke William after his conquest of England
at Hastings in 1066, this estate was held by Hugh le Vendee, nephew of Herbert and Ralph de Courbepine from the tenant
in chief, the Bishop of Bayeux, and it is from Hugh which the family is conjecturally descended.
Early History of the Chume family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chume research.Another 249 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1583, 1639, 1613, 1668, 1659 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Chume History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chume Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Chowne, Chown, Chiowne, Chioune, Choon, Chiown, Cone, Chone, Cowne, Cown, Coun, Coune, Chune, Choone and many more.
Early Notables of the Chume family (pre 1700)
Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chume Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chume family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Chume or a variant listed above: George Chown who settled in New York State in 1812; Elizabeth Chune settled in Barbados in 1670; Barney Chune settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1822.