Chium is one of the many new names that came to England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Chium family lived in Kent
, where they held lands and a family seat
at Fairbourne (later Fairlawn).
Early Origins of the Chium family
The surname Chium was first found in Kent
, where the Chium family was anciently seated as Lords of the Manor of Fairbourne (later Fairlawn). At the taking of the Domesday Book
in 1086, a survey initiated by Duke William after his conquest of England
at Hastings in 1066, this estate was held by Hugh le Vendee, nephew of Herbert and Ralph de Courbepine from the tenant
in chief, the Bishop of Bayeux, and it is from Hugh which the family is conjecturally descended.
Early History of the Chium family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chium research.Another 249 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1583, 1639, 1613, 1668, 1659 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Chium History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chium Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Chowne, Chown, Chiowne, Chioune, Choon, Chiown, Cone, Chone, Cowne, Cown, Coun, Coune, Chune, Choone and many more.
Early Notables of the Chium family (pre 1700)
Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chium Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chium family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Chium name or one of its variants: George Chown who settled in New York State in 1812; Elizabeth Chune settled in Barbados in 1670; Barney Chune settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1822.