The proud French name Chesniere was formed in Normandy
when the family resided in Normandy
, at the town of Quesney or Chenay. The family name is a local
form of this place name, meaning of Quesney or Chenay.
Early Origins of the Chesniere family
The surname Chesniere was first found in Normandy
(French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy
, where the family dates back to the Gauls in the sixth century when their root name of Cassanus was used according to the French historian Morlet. After the 9th century the family allied and intermarried with the Vikings
or Northmen, when they were recorded as an ancient Norman family with seats and estates. Today Chassaing is a settlement in Guadeloupe in the commune of Saint-François, on the island of Grande-Terre.
Early History of the Chesniere family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chesniere research.Another 781 words (56 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1227, 1340, 1342, 1500, 1584, 1640, 1700, and 1710 are included under the topic Early Chesniere History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chesniere Spelling Variations
French surnames were subject to numerous spelling alterations depending on the region and time it was used. The early development of the French language relied heavily on borrowing elements and grammar from other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire
. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance
. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Chesniere is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations
of the name include Duchesne, du Chesne, Duchèsne, Duchès, Duchène, Duchêne, Duchêsne, Chisne, Chauny, Chesne, Chesneau, Chenay, Chesnaie, Lequesne, Duquesne, Chene, Chaine, Chand, Chesnot, DuChaine, Duchesneau, Duchesnaux, Descheneaux, Duquesne, LeQuesne, Chassaing, Duchand and many more.
Early Notables of the Chesniere family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family in this period was André Duchesne (1584-1640) French geographer and historian, often called the father of French history; Abraham Duquesne, Marquis du Bouchet (c.1610-1688), a French naval officer; Guillaume Chesneau, chevalier, seigneur, cup-bearer to... Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chesniere Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chesniere family to the New World and Oceana
In the 1700s, land incentives were finally given out by France to 2,000 migrants. Early marriage was encouraged in New France, and youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants, both noble and commoner from France. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries, leaving French names scattered across the continent. The search for the Northwest passage continued. Migration from France to New France or Quebec, as it was now more popularly called, continued until 1759. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In the treaty of Utrecht, Acadia were ceded by France to Britain in 1713. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England
and were deported. They found refuge in Louisiana. Meanwhile, in Quebec, the French race flourished, founding in Lower Canada, one of the two great solitudes which became Canada. Many of this distinguished family name Chesniere were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs in France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Chesniere were Madame Duchesne, aged 40, who settled in New Orleans in 1823; J.B. Duchesne, aged 44, who settled in New Orleans in 1822; André Duchene who settled in Philadelphia, Pa. in 1795.