Cherlwoyd History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Of all the Anglo-Saxon names to come from Britain, Cherlwoyd is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in the village and parish of Charlwood on the border of Sussex and Surrey which dates back to at least the 12th century when it was first listed as Cherlewde. Literally the place name means "wood of the freeman or peasants," from the Old English words "ceorl" + "wudu." 
Early Origins of the Cherlwoyd family
The surname Cherlwoyd was first found in West Sussex, where Charlwood House is an early 17th-century timber-framed country house in Lowfield Heath, Crawley. "This place was the scene of a sanguinary battle between the Danes and the men of Surrey and Sussex, that occurred near a bridge since called Kilman Bridge, and in which the Danes were defeated with great slaughter."  Today Charlwood is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey, but is on the historic county boundary between Surrey and Sussex.
Early History of the Cherlwoyd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cherlwoyd research. Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1779, 1800, 1592, 1500, 1591 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Cherlwoyd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cherlwoyd Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Cherlwoyd has been spelled many different ways, including Charlwood, Cherleswode, Charlewood, Charlwode, Charlwoode and many more.
Early Notables of the Cherlwoyd family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: John Charlwood, (d. 1592) a prominent printer during the 1500s. He 'seems to have printed so early as Queen Mary's reign, in a temporary partnership with John Tysdale at the Saracen's Head, near Holbourn Conduit.' 
"Charlewood apparently came from Surrey, as on...
Another 51 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cherlwoyd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cherlwoyd family
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Cherlwoyds to arrive in North America: Richard Charlwood who arrived in Virginia in 1658.
- Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print