Cherlwood History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The name Cherlwood has a long Anglo-Saxon heritage. The name comes from when a family lived in the village and parish of Charlwood on the border of Sussex and Surrey which dates back to at least the 12th century when it was first listed as Cherlewde. Literally the place name means "wood of the freeman or peasants," from the Old English words "ceorl" + "wudu." 
Early Origins of the Cherlwood family
The surname Cherlwood was first found in West Sussex, where Charlwood House is an early 17th-century timber-framed country house in Lowfield Heath, Crawley. "This place was the scene of a sanguinary battle between the Danes and the men of Surrey and Sussex, that occurred near a bridge since called Kilman Bridge, and in which the Danes were defeated with great slaughter."  Today Charlwood is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey, but is on the historic county boundary between Surrey and Sussex.
Early History of the Cherlwood family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cherlwood research. Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1779, 1800, 1592, 1500, 1591 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Cherlwood History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cherlwood Spelling Variations
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Cherlwood have been found, including Charlwood, Cherleswode, Charlewood, Charlwode, Charlwoode and many more.
Early Notables of the Cherlwood family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: John Charlwood, (d. 1592) a prominent printer during the 1500s. He 'seems to have printed so early as Queen Mary's reign, in a temporary partnership with John Tysdale at the Saracen's Head, near Holbourn Conduit.' 
"Charlewood apparently came from Surrey, as on...
Another 51 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cherlwood Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cherlwood family
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Cherlwood, or a variant listed above: Richard Charlwood who arrived in Virginia in 1658.
- Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print