Cherlwod History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Cherlwod first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived in the village and parish of Charlwood on the border of Sussex and Surrey which dates back to at least the 12th century when it was first listed as Cherlewde. Literally the place name means "wood of the freeman or peasants," from the Old English words "ceorl" + "wudu." [1]

Early Origins of the Cherlwod family

The surname Cherlwod was first found in West Sussex, where Charlwood House is an early 17th-century timber-framed country house in Lowfield Heath, Crawley. "This place was the scene of a sanguinary battle between the Danes and the men of Surrey and Sussex, that occurred near a bridge since called Kilman Bridge, and in which the Danes were defeated with great slaughter." [2] Today Charlwood is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey, but is on the historic county boundary between Surrey and Sussex.

Important Dates for the Cherlwod family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cherlwod research. Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1779, 1800, 1592, 1500, 1591 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Cherlwod History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cherlwod Spelling Variations

One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Cherlwod has appeared include Charlwood, Cherleswode, Charlewood, Charlwode, Charlwoode and many more.

Early Notables of the Cherlwod family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: John Charlwood, (d. 1592) a prominent printer during the 1500s. He 'seems to have printed so early as Queen Mary's reign, in a temporary partnership with John Tysdale at the Saracen's Head, near Holbourn Conduit.' [3] "Charlewood apparently came from Surrey, as on...
Another 51 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cherlwod Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cherlwod family

At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Cherlwod arrived in North America very early: Richard Charlwood who arrived in Virginia in 1658.

Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
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