name Cherleswod comes from when the family resided in the village and parish of Charlwood on the border of Sussex
which dates back to at least the 12th century when it was first listed as Cherlewde. Literally the place name means "wood of the freeman or peasants," from the Old English words "ceorl" + "wudu." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Early Origins of the Cherleswod family
The surname Cherleswod was first found in West Sussex
, where Charlwood House is an early 17th-century timber-framed country house in Lowfield Heath, Crawley. "This place was the scene of a sanguinary battle between the Danes and the men of Surrey
and Sussex, that occurred near a bridge since called Kilman Bridge, and in which the Danes were defeated with great slaughter." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Today Charlwood is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey
, but is on the historic county boundary between Surrey
Early History of the Cherleswod family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cherleswod research.Another 328 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1779, 1800, 1500, 1591 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Cherleswod History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cherleswod Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred
years ago, spelling variations
of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Cherleswod include Charlwood, Cherleswode, Charlewood, Charlwode, Charlwoode and many more.
Early Notables of the Cherleswod family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: John Charlwood, a prominent printer during the 1500s. 'Charlewood apparently came from Surrey, as on Jan. 12, 1591, we find him taking as an apprentice "Gefthe Franch Charlwood, son... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cherleswod Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cherleswod family to Ireland
Some of the Cherleswod family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cherleswod family to the New World and Oceana
A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England
at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England
. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: Richard Charlwood who arrived in Virginia in 1658.