Chapus History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Old French word "Chaput" was a type of chopping block that was used to work slate and create different shapes. The name Chaput was originally given to carpenters. [1]

Early Origins of the Chapus family

The surname Chapus was first found in Forez, a former province of France, now part of the modern Loire, the Haute-Loire and Puy-de-Dôme departments, where they have held a family seat since the 1100's.

By the beginning of the 12th century the family was well established in the region of Forez and several members of this important family made a distinctive contribution to the community in which they lived and were rewarded with lands, titles, and letters patent confirming their nobility.

Claude Chapuis is recorded as the Lord of Condrieu and in 1109, as reward for his great contribution both culturally and religiously, he received the permission to construct the chapel of Saint Martin in honour of the family.

Early History of the Chapus family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chapus research. Another 250 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1389, 1536, 1630, 1641, 1667, 1710 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Chapus History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chapus Spelling Variations

The many different spellings of French surnames can be partially explained by the use of local dialects and by the influence of other languages during the early development of the French language. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Chapus is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations of the name include Chaput, Chapue, Chapud, Chapus, Chapout, Chapoue, Chapoud, Chapous, Chapput, Chappue, Chappud, Chappus, Chappout, Chappoue, Chappoud, Chappous, Shaput, Shapue, Shapus, Shapout, Shapoue, Shapoud, Shappous, Shapput, Shappue, Shappud, Shappus, Shappout, Shappoue, Shappoud, Shappous, Chapuis, Chapus and many more.

Early Notables of the Chapus family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Chapus Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chapus Ranking

In France, the name Chapus is the 2,423rd most popular surname with an estimated 2,500 - 3,000 people with that name. [2]

Migration of the Chapus family

French settlers came early to North American, following in the wake of the explorers, and creating New France. Quebec City, founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain is said to have been the first American site founded as a permanent settlement, rather than as just a commercial outpost. But emigration was slow, in 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 French people in Quebec, and by 1663, when the region was officially made The Royal Colony of New France, by Louis XIV, there still only around 500 settlers. Over 2,000 would arrive during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. Youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted immigrants, both noble and commoner from France. By 1675, there were around 7000 French in the colony, and by that same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. Despite the loss of the Colony to England, the French people flourished in Lower Canada. Among settlers to North America of the Chapus surname were Nicolas Chaput married Angélique Loisel in Québec in 1716; Jean-Baptiste Chaput, son of Nicolas and Angélique Gauthier married Agathe Thouin, daughter of Germain and Madeleine Beaudoin in Qué.



  1. ^ Dionne, N.-E., Origine Des Familles Canadiennes-Français. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969. Print.
  2. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/


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