The ancestors of the Cawlander family were part of an ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts
. They lived on the lands or barony of Callander in Perthshire
. The name is quite mistakenly thought of as an occupational
name derived from the trade of calendering
or glossing cloth. Scholars seem to agree that this name was not related to the calendar of the months.
Early Origins of the Cawlander family
The surname Cawlander was first found in Perthshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland
. "This place derives its name, of Gaelic origin, from an ancient ferry across the river Teath, the principal road to which lay within its limits." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Cawlander family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawlander research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1296 and 1360 are included under the topic Early Cawlander History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawlander Spelling Variations
Prior to the invention of the printing press in the last hundred
years, documents were basically unique. Names were written according to sound, and often appeared differently each time they were recorded. Spelling variations
of the name Cawlander include Callander, Callender, Callandar, Callenter, Kalender, Calenter and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawlander family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Cawlander Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlander family to the New World and Oceana
The freedom of the North American colonies was enticing, and many Scots left to make the great crossing. It was a long and hard journey, but its reward was a place where there was more land than people and tolerance was far easier to come by. Many of these people came together to fight for a new nation in the American War of Independence
, while others remained loyal to the old order as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of Scots in North America have recovered much of this heritage in the 20th century through Clan
societies and other such organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important and early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Cawlander: William Callender who settled in Virginia in 1650; Alistair Callender settled in Boston in 1651; R. Callandar settled in New England
in 1761; Alexander Callender is one of the 36 original signers of the Declaration of Independence
about 1683 in South Carolina..