An ancient Pictish-Scottish family was the first to use the name Cawendar. It is a name for someone who lived on the lands or barony of Callander in Perthshire
. The name is quite mistakenly thought of as an occupational
name derived from the trade of calendering
or glossing cloth. Scholars seem to agree that this name was not related to the calendar of the months.
Early Origins of the Cawendar family
The surname Cawendar was first found in Perthshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland
. "This place derives its name, of Gaelic origin, from an ancient ferry across the river Teath, the principal road to which lay within its limits." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Cawendar family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawendar research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1296 and 1360 are included under the topic Early Cawendar History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawendar Spelling Variations
During the Middle Ages, there was no basic set of rules and scribes wrote according to sound. The correct spelling of Scottish names were further compromised after many haphazard translations from Gaelic to English and back. Spelling variations
of the name Cawendar include Callander, Callender, Callandar, Callenter, Kalender, Calenter and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawendar family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Cawendar Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawendar family to the New World and Oceana
Scots left their country by the thousands to travel to Australia
and North America. Desperate for freedom and an opportunity to fend for themselves, many paid huge fees and suffered under terrible conditions on long voyages. Still, for those who made the trip, freedom and opportunity awaited. In North America, many fought their old English oppressors in the American War of Independence
. In recent years, Scottish heritage has been an increasingly important topic, as Clan
societies and other organizations have renewed people's interest in their history. An examination of passenger and immigration lists shows many early settlers bearing the name of Cawendar: William Callender who settled in Virginia in 1650; Alistair Callender settled in Boston in 1651; R. Callandar settled in New England
in 1761; Alexander Callender is one of the 36 original signers of the Declaration of Independence
about 1683 in South Carolina..