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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Caulder family come from? What is the Scottish Caulder family crest and coat of arms? When did the Caulder family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Caulder family history?

The Caulder surname was a habitational name, taken on from any of the various places called Calder, Caldor, or Cawdor; such as Calder in Thurso, which is recorded from the early 13th century, and Calder in Cumbria. Some of these place names are thought to come from the Old Norse "kalfr," meaning "calf," and "dalr," meaning "valley;" while others likely derive from the Welsh words "caled" meaning "hard" or "violent" and "dwfr," meaning "water," or "stream."

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Calder, Cadder, Caddell, Cawdor, Cauder, Caldell, Caldille and many more.

First found in Inverness-shire, thought to have been a Pict stronghold, where they held a family seat from very ancient times. Hugh de Cadella (Klaedouer) is said to have aided Scottish King Malcolm Ceanmore, for which he was granted the Nairnshire thaneship of Cawdor, and made a Baron in 1060. Records show that a Hugh de Kaledouer, perhaps a descendant, was a witness to a charter of land near Montrose in, Angus, around 1178.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caulder research. Another 383 words(27 lines of text) covering the years 1054, 1419, 1440, 1454, 1494, 1503, 1510, 1546, 1575, 1657, 1711, 1740, 1745, 1792, 1798, and 1818 are included under the topic Early Caulder History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 87 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caulder Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Thomas Calder who settled in Virginia in 1619, one year before the "Mayflower"; Will Calder, who settled in Georgia in 1735; Alex Calder and his wife Henrietta and four children, who came to Georgia in 1775.

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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vigilans non cadit
Motto Translation: The vigilant man falls not.

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  1. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  2. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  3. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  4. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  6. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  7. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  11. ...

The Caulder Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Caulder Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 August 2014 at 11:41.

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