Origins Available: English
The Norman Conquest
in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Caughley family lived in Norfolk
, where they were Lords of the Castle of Cailly.
Early Origins of the Caughley family
The surname Caughley was first found in Norfolk
where one of the first records of the name was William de Kailli, de Caly who was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1210. Alternatively the name Caley, is a fairly common Manx name. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Early History of the Caughley family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caughley research.Another 297 words (21 lines of text) covering the years 1661, 1610, 1681, 1602, 1667, 1640, 1635, 1708, 1654, 1727, 1663, 1717 and 1576 are included under the topic Early Caughley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Caughley Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Cailly, Calley, Callis, Cally, Caley, Cayley and many more.
Early Notables of the Caughley family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William Cawley (1602-1667), British politician, MP for Midhurst in 1640 and regicide who fled to the Netherlands
and then Switzerland
after the Restoration; Sir William Cayley, 2nd Baronet
(1635-c. 1708); Sir Arthur Cayley, 3rd Baronet (c.
1654-1727); and John Calley... Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caughley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Caughley family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England
at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Caughley or a variant listed above:
Caughley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- James Caughley, aged 23, who landed in New York in 1854 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Contemporary Notables of the name Caughley (post 1700)
- Graeme James Caughley (1937-1994), New Zealand population ecologist, conservation biologist, and researcher
The Caughley Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Callide et honeste
Motto Translation: Wisely and honourably.