Catlay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The Anglo-Saxon name Catlay comes from the Old French names Caterine and Cateline, which were forms of the personal name Catharine. These names were introduced into England in the 12th century and became very popular, especially in the variant forms Catelin and Cateline. Thus the surname Catlay is a metronymic type of surname, and is derived from the name of the original bearer's mother.
Early Origins of the Catlay family
The surname Catlay was first found in Wiltshire. Some of the first records of the family were found her in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 that included early spelling of the name: Geoffrey Gatelin; and Johanna Gatelyn. 
Richard Jordan Gatling (1818-1903) was the American inventor of his eponymous Gatling gun, considered to be the first successful machine gun that first saw service in 1862. Born on the family plantation in Como, Hertford County, North Carolina, he was a successful inventor by the age of 21 inventing the screw propeller for steamboats. His grandfather William James Gatling (1760-1822), was from Virginia.
Early History of the Catlay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Catlay research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1574, 1559, 1574, 1547, 1520, 1556, 1545, 1583, 1662, 1625, 1640, 1644, 1634, 1702, 1679, 1685, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Catlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Catlay Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Catlay were recorded, including Catlin, Catling, Catlyn, Catlyne, Catlyng and others.
Early Notables of the Catlay family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Sir Robert Catlin (died 1574), English jurist, Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench (1559-1574). He was born at Beby in Leicestershire, though his ancestry is said to have belonged to Northamptonshire. He was a member of the Middle Temple, and was appointed reader to that society in 1547. 
Richard Catlyn (by 1520-1556), of Norwich and Honingham, Norfolk and Serjeants' Inn...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Catlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Catlay family
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Catlay family emigrate to North America: William Catline who settled in Barbados in 1679 with his wife and servants; James Catling, who settled in New England in 1769; Michael Catling, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1854.
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- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print