The current generations of the Carnagay family have inherited a surname that was first used hundreds of years ago by descendants of the ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts
. The Carnagay family lived in the old barony of Carnegie in Angus
. One of the first records of the name was Duthac de Carnegy who witnessed a deed of sale in Aberdeen in 1383.
Early Origins of the Carnagay family
The surname Carnagay was first found in Angus
(Gaelic: Aonghas), part of the Tayside region of northeastern Scotland
, and present day Council Area of Angus
, formerly known as Forfar or Forfarshire
, where the was recorded as a family of great antiquity seated at Carnegie in the parish of Carmyllis in that shire. Confirmation of the grant of lands of Cairynegy was made by King David of Scotland
in 1358 to then Chief of the Clan
John Carnegie. He was descended from Jocelyn of Balinhard who was the progenitor of the family.
The former name of the Carnegies of Southesk was De Balinhard, but they assumed the name Carnegie in 1340 when they acquired the lands of Carnegie. Although the Clan can claim their initial descent from John de Balinhard, one of the first mentions of the name Carnegie was of Duthaac de Carnegy in 1383. A few years late, John Carnegy was the first of the name designated 'dominus ejusdem' or 'de eodem,' which is Anglicized to the expression 'of that Ilk' in 1450.
The line of descent from John de Balinhard died out in the 16th century, and so a new line was taken from his son Duthac. In 1663, David, the eighth Chief, was created the Earl of Southesk. Later, James Carnegie, the fifth Earl of Southesk was present at the raising of the Standard on the Braes of Mar in 1715 and was the hero of the song "The Piper o' Dundee." His support for King James in the rising of 1715 and the defeat of the Jacobites lead eventually to the loss of the earldom. The Carnegies were generally loyal to the Stewart claim to the throne. Interestingly, Sir Alexander Cornegie of Pitarro managed to somehow have the earldom reinstated, and he became the ninth Earl of Southesk. Another branch of the family began the earldom of Ethie, and later managed to have it renamed the Earldom of Northesk in the 17th century.
Early History of the Carnagay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carnagay research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1530, 1409, 1575, 1658, 1583, 1669, 1649, 1688, 1661, 1699, 1611, 1667, 1627, 1679, 1643, 1688, 1685, 1729, 1700, 1669, 1674, 1681, 1682, 1685 and 1686 are included under the topic Early Carnagay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Carnagay Spelling Variations
Scribes in the Middle Ages did not have access to a set of spelling rules. They spelled according to sound, the result was a great number of spelling variations
. In various documents, Carnagay has been spelled Carnegie, Carnechie, Carnegey, Carnagie, Carnagee and many more.
Early Notables of the Carnagay family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan
at this time was Sir David Carnegie, 1st Earl of Southesk, 1st Baron
Carnegie of Kinnaird, 1st Baron
Carnegie, of Kinnaird and Leuchards (1575-1658), a Scottish nobleman; James Carnegie, 2nd Earl of Southesk (ca. 1583-1669), a Scottish nobleman; Robert Carnegie, 3rd Earl of Southesk (c.1649-1688); Charles Carnegie... Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Carnagay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Carnagay family to the New World and Oceana
The cruelties suffered under the new government forced many to leave their ancient homeland for the freedom of the North American colonies. Those who arrived safely found land, freedom, and opportunity for the taking. These hardy settlers gave their strength and perseverance to the young nations that would become the United States and Canada. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the name Carnagay: John Carneagge who arrived in Virginia in 1698; Alexander Carnagee settled in Maryland in 1747.