Cackstone is a name that first reached England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Cackstone family lived in Cambridgeshire
, where they held a family seat
on lands at Causton
Early Origins of the Cackstone family
The surname Cackstone was first found in Cambridgeshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, the Manor of Caustone was occupied by Hardwin of Scales in 1086, from whom the Caxtons are conjecturally descended. The village of Causton, or Caxton, is on Roman Ermine Street and was once a coaching village. There is a restored gibbet in the village.
Early History of the Cackstone family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cackstone research.Another 463 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1335, 1422, 1400, 1500, 1422 and 1491 are included under the topic Early Cackstone History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cackstone Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Cackstone are characterized by many spelling variations
. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Cackstone include Caxton, Caxtone, Cackston, Cackstone, Cacstone, Caxten, Caxtan and many more.
Early Notables of the Cackstone family (pre 1700)
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cackstone Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cackstone family to the New World and Oceana
Faced with the chaos present in England
at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia
in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Cackstone, or a variant listed above: Bryan Caxton, who settled in Maryland in 1678.