There are no fewer than three locations in England
named Birkby. In Cumbria
, Birkby is in the parish of Crosscanonby (or Cross Canonby) and the remaining two locations are found in North Yorkshire
and West Yorkshire
. It is from this area of England
that the surname Birchby claims as its ancient homestead.
Early Origins of the Birchby family
The surname Birchby was first found in West Yorkshire
or North Yorkshire
at Birkby, townships and parishes. The North Yorkshire
location is presumably the oldest at it dates back to the Domesday Book
of 1086 where it was first listed as Bretebi. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Both place names mean "farmstead or village of the Britons." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
One of the first records of the name was William de Bretteby, who was listed in the Assize Rolls of Yorkshire
in 1219. Years later, William Birtby was listed again in Yorkshire
in 1462. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Birkby near Huddersfield held by the King's steward, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086.
Early History of the Birchby family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Birchby research.Another 217 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Birchby History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Birchby Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Birchby were recorded, including Birkby, Berkby, Beckby, Bickby, Birkbie, Birkbee, Bickbie, Burkby, Burkbie, Birkbye, Birchby, Berchby and many more.
Early Notables of the Birchby family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Birchby Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Birchby family to the New World and Oceana
The unstable environment in England
at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland
, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Birchby arrived in North America very early: Samuell Birkby, who settled in Maryland in 1657; Catherine Birkby, who arrived in Maryland in 1654; and John Birkby, who was on record in New York in 1831..