Bertune History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Bertune reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Bertune family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Bertune family lived in Burton which is the "name of no less than forty parishes and places in England." [1] The name literally means "fortified enclosure" or "fortified farmstead." [2]

Early Origins of the Bertune family

The surname Bertune was first found in Shropshire where they were descended conjecturally from Drogo de Beuvriere a kinsman of William the Conqueror who held lands at Burton Agnes, Burton Constable and a manor house or castle at Burton Pidsea.

The surname "is derived from Boreton, in the parish of Condover, in Shropshire, an estate which remained in the family until the reign of James I. 'Goiffrid de Bortona' (Burton,) one of the foresters of Shropshire, in the reign of Henry I., is the first recorded ancestor." [3]

Another branch of the family was found at Dalton in Lancashire in early times. "At the time of the Domesday Survey, the manor was held by a Saxon chief named Gilmichael, and it was afterwards annexed to the manor of Burton; soon after the time of Richard I. it seems to have been granted to the family of Burton." [4]

"William Burton, the antiquary, and his brother Robert, author of the Anatomy of Melancholy, were natives of [Lindley, Leicestershire], the former born in 1575, and the latter in 1576." [4]

William of Berton, (fl, 1376), was Chancellor of Oxford in 1380. "Berton's Chancellorship is important because of its connection with the Wycliffite controversy respecting the sacrament which then agitated Oxford. " [5]

Important Dates for the Bertune family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bertune research. Another 182 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1250, 1350, 1300, 1354, 1600, 1853, 1661, 1656, 1659, 1632, 1681, 1575, 1645, 1622, 1609, 1682, 1668, 1714, 1748, 1953 and are included under the topic Early Bertune History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bertune Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Burton, Birton, Byrton, Burtone and others.

Early Notables of the Bertune family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Burton (died 1661), of Brampton Hall, Westmorland, English MP for Westmorland from 1656 to 1659; Hezekiah Burton (1632-1681), an English theologian; William Burton (1575-1645), an English antiquarian, best known as the author of the...
Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bertune Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Bertune family to Ireland

Some of the Bertune family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Bertune family

Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Bertune name or one of its variants: Richard Burton who settled in Virginia in 1624; John Burton settled in Barbados with his wife Elizabeth and son Charles in 1678; Joseph Burton settled in Portland Maine in 1820.

Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
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