Bertrand History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The majestic country of France is the ancestral homeland to the prominent surname Bertrand. The surname Bertrand is derived from the personal name of an ancestor, making this a patronymic surname, which belongs to the larger category of hereditary surnames. Patronymic surnames arose out of the vernacular and religious given name traditions. The vernacular or regional naming tradition is the oldest and most pervasive type of patronymic surname. According to this custom, names were originally composed of vocabulary elements from the local language. Vernacular names that were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have cognates in most European languages. For example, the court of Charlemagne (742-814) was Christian and Latin-speaking, but the Frankish dialect of Old German was commonly used for personal names. Vernacular names were widespread throughout Normandy. Accordingly, many typical English and French names are in fact, originally of Germanic origin. In some cases the exact same name appears in many other European countries. The given name Bertrand is derived from the Old German name Berhthramn, which meant "bright raven." This was a popular name due to the raven's symbolic which means as "one who defeats his enemies".

Early Origins of the Bertrand family

The surname Bertrand was first found in Provence, where one of the first records of the name was William Bertrand (died 1094), known as William V or Bertrand I or II, count and margrave of Provence from 1051 until his death.

Guillaume Bertrand, Lord of Vénasque is recorded in the archives in 1275 and Cardinal Bertrand is mentioned in 1275 and in 1378. Descending from the original line of Provence, this ancient family branched out to Roussillon in 1510 where they were well known as the Bertran of Palmarolle. For their involvement in the events of the 1600's many courageous members were listed in the Armorial of 1696 from the regions of Provence. Specifically mentioned in the Armorial were the Honourables Joseph Dominique Bertrand in Aix, Antoine Bertrand in Grasse and Maxime Bertrand in Roumoule. In 1703 this eminent family received its letters patent and heraldic cap, thus confirming their noble descent, the nobility of living members, and that of their descendants in 1703.

Jean Bertrand, born in 1667, was a French labourer that travelled to Canada in the 17th century, along with his wife, Renée Boucherot. He worked as a sailor for three years on "Le Breton" of Quebec. Jean and Renée had one son and he became a farmer in Charlesbourg, Quebec. [1]

Important Dates for the Bertrand family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bertrand research. Another 63 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1378, 1510, 1535, 1581, 1600, 1696, and 1703 are included under the topic Early Bertrand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bertrand Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Bertrand, Bertran, Bertrant, Bertranc, Bertrent, Bairtrand, Bairtran, Bhairtrand and many more.

Early Notables of the Bertrand family (pre 1700)

Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bertrand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bertrand migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bertrand Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Elizabeth Bertrand, who landed in New York, NY in 1693 [2]
Bertrand Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mr Bertrand, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [2]
  • Natalis Bertrand, aged 29, who landed in Louisiana in 1719 [2]
  • Jacques Bertrand, aged 40, who landed in Louisiana in 1719 [2]
  • Claude Bertrand, aged 17, who arrived in Louisiana in 1720 [2]
  • Laurand Bertrand, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1763 [2]
Bertrand Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Simon Bertrand, who landed in America in 1805 [2]
  • Antoine Bertrand, who landed in Louisiana in 1805 [2]
  • P. R. Bertrand, aged 28, settled in New Orleans in 1822
  • M. Bertrand, aged 23, settled in New Orleans in 1823
  • J. Bertrand, aged 20, settled in New York in 1823
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bertrand Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Emile Bertrand, who landed in Mississippi in 1905 [2]

Bertrand migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bertrand Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • François Bertrand, who arrived in Canada in 1632
  • Mr. Guillaume Bertrand, French settler travelling to Canada for work arriving on 1st April 1665 [3]
  • Guillaume Bertrand, son of Pierre and Jeanne, married Marguerite Ferron, daughter of Jean and Antoine, in Quebec on 12th October 1671 [4]
  • Jean Bertrand, who landed in Quebec in 1683
  • Jean Bertrand, son of Jean and Renée, married Marguerite Tessier, daughter of Marc and Jacqueline, in Charlesbourg, Quebec on 10th September 1685 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bertrand Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Guillaume Bertrand, son of Guillaume and Marguerite, married Marie-Angélique Dubucq, daughter of Romain and Anne, in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Quebec on 12th June 1713 [4]
  • Pierre Bertrand, son of Jean and Marie, married Catherine Lemoyne, daughter of Nicolas and Marguerite, in Montreal, Quebec on 3rd April 1714 [4]
  • Jean-Baptiste Bertrand, son of Louis and Charlotte, married Marie-Anne Aumier, daughter of Jean and Anne, in Quebec on 20th July 1716 [4]
  • François Bertrand, son of Jean and Marguerite, married Madeleine Meunier, daughter of Mathurin and Marie-Madeleine, in Lorette, Quebec on 4th October 1719 [4]
  • Paul Bertrand, son of Paul and Gabrielle, married Marie-Josephte Juineau, daughter of Augustin and Élisabeth, in Batiscan, Quebec on 17th September 1725 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Bertrand (post 1700)

  • James "Jimmy" Bertrand (1900-1960), American jazz and blues drummer
  • Marcia Lynne "Marcheline" Bertrand (1950-2007), American actress and producer, mother of actress Angelina Jolie
  • John Raney Bertrand, American College President, Mount Berry, GA
  • Edme Victor Bertrand, French Brigadier General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [5]
  • Henri Gratien Bertrand, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [6]
  • Antoine Joseph Bertrand, French Brigadier General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [7]
  • Alexandre Louis Joseph Bertrand (1820-1902), French archaeologist
  • Jean-Baptiste Bertrand (1823-1887), French painter and lithographer
  • Xavier Bertrand (d. 1965), French politician, former Minister of Labour, Employment and Health
  • Marcel Alexandre Bertrand (1847-1907), French geologist born in Paris, son of Joseph Louis François Bertrand
  • ... (Another 16 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Olivier, Reginald L. Your Ancient Canadian Family Ties. Logan: The Everton Publishers, Inc., P.O. Box 368, 1972. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Debien, Gabriel. Liste Des Engagés Pour Le Canada Au XVIIe Siècle. Vol. 6, Laval University, 1952. (Retreived 24th May 2018). Retrieved from https://lebloguedeguyperron.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/130-liste-des-contrats-dengagement-pour-la-nouvelle-france-releves-a-la-rochelle-entre-1634-et-1679/
  4. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 1, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  5. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, February 11) Edme Bertrand. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
  6. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, February 11) Henri Bertrand. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
  7. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, February 11) Antoine Bertrand. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
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