Bernikal History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Of all the Anglo-Saxon names to come from Britain, Bernikal is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in Warwickshire, where they took their name from the hamlet of Barnacle in the parish of Bulkington, six miles from Coventry. [1]

Early Origins of the Bernikal family

The surname Bernikal was first found in Warwickshire at Barnacle, a hamlet, in the parish of Bulkington, union of Nuneaton, Kirby division of the hundred of Knightlow. [2] "It is mentioned in the Conqueror's survey, and is supposed to have anciently belonged to the family of Fitzwith." [2] At that time it was spelt Bernhangre. [3] The place name literally means "wooded slope by a barn," from the Old English words "bere-aern" + "hangra." [4]

Important Dates for the Bernikal family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bernikal research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1344, 1500 and 1545 are included under the topic Early Bernikal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bernikal Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Bernikal has been spelled many different ways, including Barnacle, Barnicle, Bernicle, Barnackle, Barnackell, Barnaucle and many more.

Early Notables of the Bernikal family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Bernikal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Bernikal family

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Bernikals to arrive in North America: John Barnacle who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1772.

Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
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