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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Origins Available: French, German, Jewish

Where did the German Baum family come from? What is the German Baum family crest and coat of arms? When did the Baum family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Baum family history?

The historical and enchanting region of Austria is the homeland of the Baum family. Austria, which was originally home to a Celtic people, was conquered by the Roman Empire in about 15 BC. Following the fall of Rome, Austria was repeatedly invaded by barbarian tribes, such as the Vandals, Visigoths, and Huns, who swept in from the east. During the 5th and 6th centuries, the Alemanni, Avars and Slavs settled Austria. The Avars were defeated in 785 by the Frankish emperor Charlemagne, who set up the East Mark, which later became known as the Österreich. Otto I defeated the Magyars in 955. Austria was ruled by the Babenburger dynasty until 1278, when they were succeeded by the Hapsburg dynasty, which ruled Austria until the 20th century.


Many cultural groups lived in the German states in medieval times. Each had its own dialect and traditions, and unique variations of popular names. Low German, which is similar to contemporary Dutch, was spoken in Westphalia. German names are characterized by additions such as regional suffixes and phrases that tell something about the origin or background of its original bearer. Further contributing to the variation in German names was the fact that there were no spelling rules in medieval times: scribes recorded names according to their sound. The recorded spelling variations of Baum include Baum, Baumm, Baume, Baumme, Baums, Baumb, Baumbe and others.

First found in Austria, where the name emerged in mediaeval times as one of the notable families of the region. From the 13th century onwards the surname was identified with the great social and economic evolution which made this territory a landmark contributor to the development of the nation.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baum research. Another 161 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1777, 1811, 1856 and 1919 are included under the topic Early Baum History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baum Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


After the First World War, Austria became a republic. The Treaty of Versailles broke up the empire in 1919 and many of the Sudeten Germans were incorporated into the new nation of Czechoslovakia. In the 20th century, many Austrians migrated to other parts of Germany or Europe, as well as to North America. In the United States, the majority of settlers landed in Philadelphia, and moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Many German settlers also migrated to Canada, particularly Ontario and the Prairies. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Baum were

Baum Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Sarah Baum, age 70, settled in America in 1709
  • Abram Baum, who landed in New York in 1709
  • Johan Baum, who landed in New York in 1709
  • Magdalina Baum, age 29, came to New York City in 1710
  • Mathias Baum, who landed in New York, NY in 1710

Baum Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Sebastian Baum, who arrived in Puerto Rico in 1839
  • George Baum, aged 21, arrived in Missouri in 1840
  • Frederick Baum, who landed in Mississippi in 1842
  • John Baum, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1844
  • Rudolph Baum, aged 9, landed in New York, NY in 1847

Baum Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Abraham Baum, who arrived in North America in 1901
  • Frank Charles Baum, who landed in Wisconsin in 1920


  • Walter Emerson Baum (1884-1956), American artist and educator
  • Roger Stanton Baum (b. 1938), American children's author
  • Frank Joslyn Baum (1883-1958), American lawyer, soldier, writer, and film producer
  • Edgar Schofield Baum (1916-2006), American artist
  • Bernie Baum (1929-1993), American songwriter who worked extensively with Elvis Presley
  • Lyman Frank Baum (1856-1919), American writer and director, best known for penning the Wizard of Oz
  • Frank Baum (b. 1956), retired German footballer
  • Hedwig "Vicki" Baum (1888-1960), Austrian writer considered one of the first modern best-selling authors
  • Oskar Baum (1883-1941), Czech music educator and writer
  • Kurt Baum (1900-1989), Czech tenor opera singer



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  1. Gritzner, M. Handbuch der heraldischen Terminologie in zwölf Zungen. Nürnberg: 1890. Print.
  2. Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Deutches Namenbuch. Stuttgart: Verlag von Adolf Bonz & Comp, 1928. Print.
  3. Bahlow, Hans. Mecklenburgisches Namenbüchlein Ein Führer durch Mecklenburgs Familiennamen. Rostock: Carl Hinstorffs Verlag, 1932. Print.
  4. Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands geographische Namenwelt Etymologisches Lexikon der Fluss- und Ortsnamen alteuropaischer Herkunft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985. Print.
  5. Preuss, Otto. Die Lippischen Familiennamen mit Berücksichtigung der Ortsnamen. Detmold: Meyer'sche Hofbuchh, 1887. Print.
  6. Strassburger, Ralph B. German Pioneers The Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia 3 Volumes. Baltimore: Picton Press, 1992. Print. (ISBN 978-0929539980).
  7. Jones, George F. The Germans of Colonial Georgia 1733-1783 Revised edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0806311614).
  8. Zoder, Rudolf. Familiennamen in Ostfalen. Hildesheim: Geog Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1968. Print.
  9. Kneschke, Dr. Ernest Heinrich. Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon 9 Volumes New General German Aristocracy Lexicon. Leipzig: Friedrich Voigt, 1859. Print.
  10. Bahlow, Hans and Edda Gentry. Translation Dictionary of German Names 2nd Edition. Madison: University of Wisconsin, 2002. Print.
  11. ...

The Baum Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Baum Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 November 2014 at 12:17.

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