The Pictish clans of ancient Scotland
were the ancestors of the first people to use the name Balinhard. It comes from in the old barony of Carnegie in Angus
. One of the first records of the name was Duthac de Carnegy who witnessed a deed of sale in Aberdeen in 1383.
Early Origins of the Balinhard family
The surname Balinhard was first found in Angus
(Gaelic: Aonghas), part of the Tayside region of northeastern Scotland
, and present day Council Area of Angus
, formerly known as Forfar or Forfarshire
, where the was recorded as a family of great antiquity seated at Carnegie in the parish of Carmyllis in that shire. Confirmation of the grant of lands of Cairynegy was made by King David of Scotland
in 1358 to then Chief of the Clan
John Carnegie. He was descended from Jocelyn of Balinhard who was the progenitor of the family.
The former name of the Carnegies of Southesk was De Balinhard, but they assumed the name Carnegie in 1340 when they acquired the lands of Carnegie. Although the Clan can claim their initial descent from John de Balinhard, one of the first mentions of the name Carnegie was of Duthaac de Carnegy in 1383. A few years late, John Carnegy was the first of the name designated 'dominus ejusdem' or 'de eodem,' which is Anglicized to the expression 'of that Ilk' in 1450.
The line of descent from John de Balinhard died out in the 16th century, and so a new line was taken from his son Duthac. In 1663, David, the eighth Chief, was created the Earl of Southesk. Later, James Carnegie, the fifth Earl of Southesk was present at the raising of the Standard on the Braes of Mar in 1715 and was the hero of the song "The Piper o' Dundee." His support for King James in the rising of 1715 and the defeat of the Jacobites lead eventually to the loss of the earldom. The Carnegies were generally loyal to the Stewart claim to the throne. Interestingly, Sir Alexander Cornegie of Pitarro managed to somehow have the earldom reinstated, and he became the ninth Earl of Southesk. Another branch of the family began the earldom of Ethie, and later managed to have it renamed the Earldom of Northesk in the 17th century.
Early History of the Balinhard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Balinhard research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1530, 1409, 1575, 1658, 1583, 1669, 1649, 1688, 1661, 1699, 1611, 1667, 1627, 1679, 1643, 1688, 1685, 1729, 1700, 1669, 1674, 1681, 1682, 1685 and 1686 are included under the topic Early Balinhard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Balinhard Spelling Variations
Translation has done much to alter the appearance of many Scottish names. It was a haphazard process that lacked a basic system of rules. Spelling variations
were a common result of this process. Balinhard has appeared Carnegie, Carnechie, Carnegey, Carnagie, Carnagee and many more.
Early Notables of the Balinhard family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan
at this time was Sir David Carnegie, 1st Earl of Southesk, 1st Baron
Carnegie of Kinnaird, 1st Baron
Carnegie, of Kinnaird and Leuchards (1575-1658), a Scottish nobleman; James Carnegie, 2nd Earl of Southesk (ca. 1583-1669), a Scottish nobleman; Robert Carnegie, 3rd Earl of Southesk (c.1649-1688); Charles Carnegie... Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Balinhard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Balinhard family to the New World and Oceana
Many Scots left their country to travel to the North American colonies in search of the freedom they could not find at home. Of those who survived the difficult voyage, many found the freedom they so desired. There they could choose their own beliefs and allegiances. Some became United Empire Loyalists and others fought in the American War of Independence
. The Clan
societies and highland games that have sprung up in the last century have allowed many of these disparate Scots to recover their collective national identity. A search of immigration and passenger ship lists revealed many early settlers bearing the Balinhard name: John Carneagge who arrived in Virginia in 1698; Alexander Carnagee settled in Maryland in 1747.