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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Axtell family come from? What is the English Axtell family crest and coat of arms? When did the Axtell family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Axtell family history?

The name Axtell is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from the given name Asketillus, which is composed of the elements óss or áss which means god and ketill, which means kettle or sacrificial cauldron in the Old Norse. This name predates the Norman Conquest in 1066, and would have been given to one who oversaw the sacrificial rites of pre-Christian England. The surname, then, signifies "the son or descendant of Asketill".


Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Axtell include Axtell, Axstell, Axtel, Axstel, Axtill, Axstill, Axtil, Axstil, Axell, Axill, Akstell, Akstill, Ashkettle, Askettle, Asketell, Asketel, Asketill, Asketil and many more.

First found in Norfolk, where the family held a family seat.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Axtell research. Another 235 words(17 lines of text) covering the years 1101, 1125, 1200, 1205, 1273, 1683, 1686, 1690, 1785, 1361, 1391, 1622, 1660 and 1649 are included under the topic Early Axtell History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 95 words(7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Axtell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Axtell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Nathaniel Axtell, who arrived in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1639
  • Henry Axtell, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1660
  • Robert Axtell, who settled in Maryland in 1677
  • Daniel Axtell, who settled in South Carolina in 1680


  • James L. Axtell (b. 1941), American historian and professor of history at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia
  • Samuel Beach Axtell (1819-1891), American Chief Justice of the New Mexico Territorial Supreme Court
  • Charles Sumner Axtell (1859-1932), American gold medalist sport shooter at the 1908 Summer Olympics
  • Frances Sevilla Cleveland Axtell (1866-1912), American politician, one of the first female legislators in the Washington House of Representatives (1912)
  • John David Axtell (1934-2000), American chemist, Lynn Distinguished Professor of Agronomy


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  1. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  4. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  5. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  6. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  7. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  8. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  9. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  10. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  11. ...

The Axtell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Axtell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 5 December 2013 at 20:42.

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