Medieval Austria is the ancient homeland of the Zuckerberg family. Austria, which was originally home to a Celtic people, was conquered by the Roman Empire in about 15 BC. Following the fall of Rome, Austria was repeatedly invaded by barbarian tribes, such as the Vandals, Visigoths, and Huns, who swept in from the east. During the 5th and 6th centuries, the Alemanni, Avars and Slavs settled Austria. The Avars were defeated in 785 by the Frankish emperor Charlemagne, who set up the East Mark, which later became known as the Österreich. Austria was ruled by the Babenburger dynasty until 1278, when they were succeeded by the Hapsburg dynasty, which ruled Austria until the 20th century.
The surname Zuckerberg was first found in Austria, where this family name was a prominent contributor to the development of the district from ancient times. Always prominent in social affairs, the name played a role in that turbulent region's affairs as it emerged to form alliances with other families within the region as well as throughout the nation.
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In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Zuckerberg include Zucker, Zuckermann, Zuckerman, Zuckert, Zuckerle, Zuckerberg, Zuckerberger, Zuckerbrot, Zucher and many more.
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Austria was made a republic after the First World War. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was broken up by the Treaty of Versailles and many of its people found themselves in the new nation of Czechoslovakia. Many other Austrians and expatriate Austrians made their way to North America in the 20th century. Most landed in Philadelphia, later continuing on to the states of Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Some Austrian settlers also went to western Canada and Ontario. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Zuckerberg or a variant listed above: Johann Jacob Zucher, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1753; Ludwig Zucker came to Pennsylvania in 1754; Heinrich Siegmon Zucker arrived in Pennsylvania in 1795.