Show ContentsAdderlay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestry of the name Adderlay dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in the village of Adderley in Shropshire [1]; the village was known as "Eldredelei" in the Domesday Book and was held by Nigel the Doctor. [2]

One source notes a Norman connection to the family: "The name was derived from Doussainville, between Paris and Orleans. This family of De Dunstanville continued barons of Adderley in 1255. Henry de Adderley, a younger son, occurs in Staffordshire, 13th century [3], and 1310 Robert de Adderle is mentioned [4]. The usage of those ages restricted the name of the barony to the family of its lords." [5]

Early Origins of the Adderlay family

The surname Adderlay was first found in Shropshire at Adderley, a village and civil parish that literally means "woodland clearing of a woman called Athryth," from the Old English personal name + "leah." [6]

Early History of the Adderlay family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Adderlay research. Another 95 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 163 and 1637 are included under the topic Early Adderlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Adderlay Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Adderlay have been found, including Adderley, Adderly, Addly, Adley, Aderly, Atherly, Atherley, Hadderley and many more.

Early Notables of the Adderlay family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Adderlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Adderlay family

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Adderlay, or a variant listed above: John Adderley who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1734; Edward Adderly settled in Philadelphia in 1760; Susanna Atherley settled in Virginia in 1768.



  1. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. Testa de Nevill or "Liber Feodorum" or "Book of Fees," thought to have been written by Ralph de Nevill, for King John (1199–1216)
  4. Palgrave, Sir Francis F.R.S., F.S.A. History of the Anglo-Saxons. London: William Tegg, 1871, Print.
  5. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  6. Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


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