Achum History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancient roots of the Achum family name are in the Anglo-Saxon culture. The name Achum comes from when the family lived in Yorkshire. The surname Achum is associated with the parish of Acomb, which was located on the outskirts of the city of York.
Early Origins of the Achum family
The surname Achum was first found in Yorkshire, at Acomb which is now a suburb within the City of York Unitary Authority. The place name is most likely derived from the Old English acum, which meant "at the oak trees." The village dates back to at least the Domesday Book where it was listed as Achum, Acum and Acun, and was land held by the Archbishop of York. The village was designated as a manor held by St. Peter. There was land enough for 8 ploughs and there were 14 rent-paying tenants. 
By 1222, the village was listed as Akum.  East and West Acomb, Northumberland have traditionally been quite a bit smaller than the Yorkshire village with West Acomb being the larger of the two. In both of these latter cases, the first record of the place name was with the Akum spelling in 1268. Hadrian's Wall runs about 1 mile (1.5 km), north east of Acomb, Northumberland.
Some of the first records of the family were Philip de Akum, who was registered in Yorkshire in 1210  and Willelmus de Acom who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. 
Early History of the Achum family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Achum research. Another 142 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1325, 1379, 1525, 1574, 1670, 1692 and 1767 are included under the topic Early Achum History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Achum Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Achum has appeared include Acombe, Acomb, Acome, Acom, Acum, Akum, A Combe and others.
Early Notables of the Achum family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Achum Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Achum family
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Achum arrived in North America very early: Robert Acom who settled in Virginia in 1642; and Thomas Acome who settled in Virginia in 1642.
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- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)