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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Huxley family come from? What is the English Huxley family crest and coat of arms? When did the Huxley family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Huxley family history?

Huxley is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Huxley family lived at Huxley, Cheshire, from where they derived their name. The place-name Huxley is said to derive from the Old English personal name Hucc and the word leah, which means wood, or clearing.


Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Huxley, Hucksley, Houxley and others.

First found in Cheshire where they held a family seat from ancient times as Lords of the Manor of Huxley. The main stem of this ancient family, however, lost most of the estates when, about 1330, Alice, daughter of John Huxley of Huxley married John de Birkenhead, an heiress who carried with her most of the family estates.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Huxley research. Another 210 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1965 and 1968 are included under the topic Early Huxley History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Huxley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Huxley or a variant listed above were:

Huxley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Leversedge Huxley arrived in Nevis in 1670

Huxley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mary Huxley and her husband arrived in New England in 1753

Huxley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Huxley arrived in New York in 1880

Huxley Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • James Huxley, aged 31, who landed in America from Manchester, England, in 1908
  • Frank Huxley, aged 24, who settled in America from Stefford, England, in 1909
  • Frank Huxley, aged 24, who emigrated to the United States from Wallington, England, in 1911
  • Ethelinda Huxley, aged 4, who emigrated to the United States from Croydon, England, in 1911
  • Alice M. Huxley, aged 39, who emigrated to America, in 1911

Huxley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Mary Huxley, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia

Huxley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Huxley arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Teviotdale" in 1875
  • Thomas Huxley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880


  • Aldous Leonard Huxley (1894-1933), English writer and one of the most prominent members of the famous Huxley family possibly best known for his novel "Brave New World"
  • Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley (1917-2012), English physiologist and biophysicist who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Thomas Henry Huxley PC, FRS (1825-1895), English biologist awarded the Darwin Medal in 1894
  • Julian Sorell Huxley (1887-1975), English evolutionary biologist, humanist and internationalist awarded the Darwin Medal in 1956
  • Sir Leonard George Holden Huxley KBE (1902-1988), Australian Elder Professor of Physics in the University of Adelaide from 1949 to 1960, and Vice-Chancellor from 1960 to 1967
  • Hugh Esmor Huxley (b. 1924), British professor of biology at Brandeis University. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1960 and won one of its Royal Medals in 1977 and its Copley Medal in 1997


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In Deo omnia
Motto Translation: In God are all things.


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  1. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  2. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  3. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  5. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  6. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  7. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  8. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  9. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  10. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Huxley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Huxley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 27 November 2014 at 09:43.

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