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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The name Hitchcock is part of the ancient legacy of the early Norman inhabitants that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Hitchcock was a Norman name used for a the personal name Richard. It is composed of the elements Hitch, which is a pet form of the name Richard, and the suffix cock, a medieval term of endearment.  In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place. For example, in the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius, which meant son. However, by the 14th century, the suffix son had replaced these earlier versions.
The surname Hitchcock was first found in various shires and counties throughout Britain. One of the first records of the name was simply listed as Hichecoc with no personal name in the Assize Rolls of Cheshire in 1260. A similar entry with no personal name appeared in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 for Yorkshire as Hichecok. The Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire listed Richard Hichecokes there in 1327 and John Higecok was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Cambridgeshire in the same year. William Hygecok, Hichecok were listed in 1329 and 1360.  The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Willelmus Higecok. 
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Hitchcock are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Hitchcock include Hitchcock, Hichcock, Hiscock, Hiscox, Hitchcocke, Hedgecock, Hitchcoke, Hitchcott and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hitchcock research. Another 121 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hitchcock History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Hitchcock Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Hitchcock, or a variant listed above:
Hitchcock Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Matthew, Thomas, and William Hitchcock, who settled in New England in 1635
- Luke Hitchcock, who arrived in New Haven, Conn in 1635
- Mathew Hitchcock, aged 25, landed in America in 1635
- Matthew Hitchcock, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
- Matthias Hitchcock, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
Hitchcock Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Franklin Hitchcock, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822
Hitchcock Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mr. John Hitchcock U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
- Mr. Miles Hitchcock U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784
- Mr. Miles Hitchcock Sr., U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784
Hitchcock Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Robert Hitchcock, English convict from Nottingham, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on September 21, 1826, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- William Hitchcock arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Ganges" in 1839
- James Hitchcock arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848
- Thomas Hitchcock arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848
- Robert Hitchcock arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1848
Hitchcock Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- A. J. Hitchcock arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1880
- Sylvia Louise Hitchcock (1946-2015), American model and beauty queen, Miss Alabama USA, Miss USA, and Miss Universe in 1967
- Ethan Allen Hitchcock (1835-1909), American lawyer and administrator, U.S. Secretary of the Interior (1898-1907)
- Henry-Russell Hitchcock (1903-1987), American architectural historian
- George Hitchcock (1850-1913), American artist, a chévalier of the French Legion of Honour and a member of the Vienna Academy of Arts
- Frank Lauren Hitchcock (1875-1957), American mathematician and physicist
- Major General Ethan A. Hitchcock (1798-1870), United States Army officer and author during the American Civil War
- Edward Hitchcock (1793-1864), American geologist and the third President of Amherst College (1845–1854)
- David Howard Hitchcock (1861-1943), American/Hawaiian artist
- William Clyde "Billy" Hitchcock (1916-2006), American Major League Baseball player and scout
- Sir Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980), English director, one of the most influential film writers, and directors, nominated for best director for his films "Rear Window" and "Psycho" and others
- Genealogy of John Drennen Hitchcock, His Brother and Sisters and Their Descendants, 1863-1983 by John H. Hitchcock.
- Genealogy of Tidal Hitchcock and His Descendants by Francis E. Hitchcock.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
- Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
- Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
- Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
- Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
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