Tresham History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 brought much change to the island nation, including many immigrants with new names. Among these immigrants were the ancestors of the Tresham family, who lived in Northamptonshire at Rushton. Today Tresham is a chapelry, in the parish of Hawkesbury, union of Chipping-Sodbury, Upper division of the hundred of Grumbald's-Ash in Gloucestershire.

Early Origins of the Tresham family

The surname Tresham was first found in Northamptonshire at Rushton. Conjecturally, the family are descended from one of the holders of the lands of Rushton at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book in 1086 A.D. The holders of the land, which consisted of a village and 2 mills were Hugh, who held it from Robert de Tosny, William who held it from Robert de Bucy and Eustace from the Countess Judith. All three shared in this rich hundred of Northampton in 1086.

"The Hall [of Rushton] is a fine old building erected by the Treshams, a family of consideration in the time of Elizabeth: at one extremity of the park is a curious triangular lodge, which is almost unique." [1]

The church of Geddington, Northamptonshire has a memorial of the family. "The church is an ancient structure, consisting of a nave, two aisles and a chancel. The tower and spire are of the perpendicular style, and are extremely graceful and well proportioned; the spire is octagonal, with three stages of lights, the lower ones being double. Three sedilia, with a piscina, are in tolerable preservation; and in the chancel are memorials of the Tresham family, some members of which were engaged in the Gunpowder plot." [1]

Early History of the Tresham family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tresham research. Another 139 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1400, 1415, 1611, 1640, 1847, 1872, 1404, 1450, 1471, 1468, 1470, 1471, 1495, 1569, 1532, 1547, 1550, 1551, 1556, 1558, 1559, 1559, 1524, 1539, 1548, 1555, 1543, 1605, 1559, 1567, 1605, 1605 and 1605 are included under the topic Early Tresham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Tresham Spelling Variations

A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Tresham, Treysham, Trasham, Traisham, Treasham and many more.

Early Notables of the Tresham family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir William Tresham JP (1404-1450), an English lawyer and Speaker of the House of Commons; and his son, Sir Thomas Tresham (died 6 May 1471), a British politician, soldier and administrator, he was imprisoned in the Tower of London from 1468 until Henry VI regained the throne in 1470. After the Battle of Barnet he fled to meet Margaret of Anjou but was captured and executed on 6 May 1471. William Tresham (1495-1569) was an English academic and priest. He was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1532-1547), (1550-1551), 1556 and...
Another 98 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tresham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Tresham migration to the United States +

Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Tresham or a variant listed above:

Tresham Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Richard Tresham, who arrived in Jamaica in 1717-1718 [2]

New Zealand Tresham migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Tresham Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • E. H. Tresham, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864

Contemporary Notables of the name Tresham (post 1700) +

  • Henry Tresham RA (1751-1814), Irish-born historical painter active in London, England
  • Francis Tresham, British board game designer, active in the 1970s, he founded Hartland Trefoil in 1971, known for his Civilization board game, one of the first inductees in the UK Games Expo Hall of Fame


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)


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