The Trenck family name first began to be used in the German state of Bavaria
. After the 12th century, hereditary surnames
were adopted according to fairly general rules, and names that were derived from locations became particularly common. The family name Trenck is a local
surname. Originally denoting the proprietorship of an estate or influence within a village, the German preposition von, which means from or of, used with local names, was taken as a mark of aristocracy. The surname Trenck was given to someone who lived in Franconia.
Early Origins of the Trenck family
The surname Trenck was first found in Franconia, where the name appeared as early as the 13th century, and gained a significant reputation for its contribution to the emerging mediaeval society. It later became more prominent as many branches of the same house acquired distant estates and branches, some in foreign countries, always elevating their social status by their great contributions to society.
Early History of the Trenck family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trenck research.Another 401 words (29 lines of text) covering the years 1783, 1798, 1533, 1652, 1655, 1711 and 1749 are included under the topic Early Trenck History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Trenck Spelling Variations
In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians
spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations
of the name Trenck include Trenk, Trenck, Trencke, Traenck, Trenke, Trank, Tranke, Tranck, Trancke, Tranckner, Traenkel (Baden), Traenkler, Trenkel (Baden), Trenkle (Baden), Traenkner (Saxony), Trenkner (Saxony), Trenker, Drenker (Hamburg and many more.
Early Notables of the Trenck family (pre 1700)
Another 46 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Trenck Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Trenck family to the New World and Oceana
The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly attractive to those from Bavaria
who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. For many Bavarian tenant
farmers, the chance to own their own land was a major incentive. So the widespread colonization of the United States began in 1650, when many immigrants from Germany
settled in pockets in Pennsylvania, Texas, New York, Illinois, and California. In Canada, German settlement centered in Ontario and the prairie provinces. Among those of this surname listed in various historical records were: Christoph Trenkel, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1738. Stephen Trenkel also came in that year, as did Christophel Trenkle at the age of 48. Johannes Tranck arrived in Philadelphia in 1750.
Contemporary Notables of the name Trenck (post 1700)
- Friedrich Freiherr von der Trenck (1726-1794), Prussian officer, adventurer, and author
- Baron Franz von der Trenck (1711-1749), Austrian adventurer and soldier, leader and commander of a unit of pandurs, or paramilitary troops in the Austrian army during the War of the Austrian Succession