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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, German


The notable Thom family arose among the Cornish People, a race with a rich Celtic heritage and an indomitable fighting spirit who inhabited the southwest of England. While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames came into common use is interesting. As the population of medieval Europe multiplied, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh neighbors. This is due to the greater influence of English bureaucracy and naming practices in Cornwall at the time that surnames first arose. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the ancient given name Thomas, which itself is derived from the Aramaic name Teoma, meaning twin.

Thom Early Origins



The surname Thom was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

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Thom Spelling Variations


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Thom Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Thom, Thomes, Thome, Toms, Tom, Thoms and others.

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Thom Early History


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Thom Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Thom research. Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1433, 1473, and 1663 are included under the topic Early Thom History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Thom Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Thom Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Thom Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Thom In Ireland


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Thom In Ireland



Some of the Thom family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Thom:

Thom Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Thom, who arrived in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1638

Thom Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Rosamund Thom settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1716
  • Benedictus Thom arrived in Philadelphia in 1749
  • Christian Thom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Hans Yerrick Thom, aged 30, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1753
  • Elias, Fred, George, Michael and William Thom settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between 1754 and 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Thom Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Jacob Thom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1804
  • Fredk Thom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1804
  • Johannes Thom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1804
  • Peter Thom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1804
  • Mary Thom settled in Trinity Bay in 1828
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Thom Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Sophia Thom, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
  • Mr. Robert Thom U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Thom Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • James Thom settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1822 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Alexander Thom arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Ranger" in 1834
  • Carl Thom, aged 46, landed in Quebec in 1868
  • John Thom settled in Burnt Island, Newfoundland in 1871 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0

Thom Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Elizabeth Thom arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Blundell" in 1851

Thom Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • George Thom landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842
  • William D. Thom, aged 26, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Arawa" in 1884

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Contemporary Notables of the name Thom (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Thom (post 1700)



  • Mary Thom (1944-2013), American feminist, writer, and editor
  • William Richard Thom (1885-1960), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Ohio 16th District, 1933-39, 1941-43, 1945-47; Candidate for Presidential Elector for Ohio, 1956
  • Ronald D. Thom, American politician, Mayor of Oregon City, Oregon, 1983
  • Peter Thom, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Wisconsin, 1900
  • Jane Thom, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1964
  • Cameron Erskine Thom (1825-1915), American Democrat politician, Los Angeles County District Attorney, 1854-57, 1869-73, 1877-79; Member of California State Senate, 1858-59
  • A. P. Thom Jr., American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1916
  • James Crawford Thom, American painter
  • James Alexander Thom (b. 1933), American author
  • Bing Wing Thom CM (1940-2016), Canadian architect and urban designer
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Thom Family Crest Products


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Thom Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0

Other References

  1. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  4. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  5. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  6. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  7. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Thom Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Thom Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 5 October 2016 at 10:19.

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