The name Tain reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Tain family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Tain family lived in Oxfordshire
. The name is an indication that its original bearer once lived near the River Thames.
Early Origins of the Tain family
The surname Tain was first found in Oxfordshire
where the name is likely derived from the River Thame. Aluered de Tame was listed in the Domesday Book
of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list Claricia de Thame in 1279. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Today, Thame is a market town and civil parish. "This town, which is evidently of Roman origin, is mentioned as a place of some importance at the commencement of the 10th century, when Wulfhere, King of Mercia, granted a charter dated 'in the vill called Thames.' In the year 970, Osketyl, Archbishop of York, died at Thame. It suffered much from the Danish invasions, particularly in 1010, and a fortification was erected here. At the Conquest it belonged to the Bishop of Lincoln, and till the reign of Edward VI. formed part of the extensive possessions of succeeding prelates, who conferred many benefits on the town, among which was the diverting through it the road that previously passed on its side. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
The family originally held estates in Chinnor, about 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Thame.
Early History of the Tain family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tain research.Another 497 words (36 lines of text) covering the years 1492, 1493 and 1500 are included under the topic Early Tain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tain Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Thame, Tharm, Tharme, Temes and others.
Early Notables of the Tain family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Tain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tain family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Tain name or one of its variants: Michael Tharm who landed in America in 1710.