The vast movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest
of 1066 brought the Skinier family name to the British Isles. Skinier is a name for a skinner.
Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old Norse word skinn,
and indicates that the original bearer was employed in the trade of removing animal hides.CITATION[CLOSE]
Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
As to underscore the significance of this trade name, "The Skinners' Company in London received their charter of incorporation so early as the first year of Edward II. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. Reader's note: King Edward II reigned from 1307 to 1327. Like many of these early entries, this would note that the registration occurred during the first year of King Edward's reign.
Early Origins of the Skinier family
The surname Skinier was first found in Lincolnshire
, where Sir Robert Skynner, a Norman knight received from Duke William the lands of Bolinbroke, accompanied with the hand in marriage of the daughter of their former owner, Robert de Bolinbroke, of the Saxon race. In the year 1070 the issue of this relationship intermarried with many distinguished houses until the chief branch became extinct in the year 1700.
Later, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed Henry le Skyniar in Oxfordshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6) Kirby's Quest listed Robert le Skynnar in Somerset, 1 Edward III (during the first year's reign of King Edward III.) CITATION[CLOSE]
Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Johannes Sckynner; and Willelmus de Parlyngton, skynnar. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6) The latter listing referring to the trade.
Early History of the Skinier family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Skinier research.Another 273 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1721, 1807, 1746, 1788, 1744, 1816, 1411, 1596, 1587, 1596, 1623, 1667, 1596, 1587, 1596, 1629 and 1679 are included under the topic Early Skinier History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Skinier Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Skinner, Skynner, Skiner and others.
Early Notables of the Skinier family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Skinner (died c.1411), MP for Shrewsbury; Thomas Skinner (died 1596), master of the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers and a London Alderman elected Sheriff in 1587 and Lord Mayor of... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Skinier Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Skinier family to Ireland
Some of the Skinier family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Skinier family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Skinier or a variant listed above: John Skinner (1590-1650), an early Puritan settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and one of the founders of Hartford, Connecticut; Thomas Skinner who settled in Virginia in 1606.
The Skinier Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Sanguis et vulnera
Motto Translation: Blood and wounds.