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The ancestral home of the Rauh family is in the German province of Bavaria. Rauh is a German nickname surname. Such names came from eke-names, or added names, that described their initial bearer through reference to a physical characteristic or other attribute. It is a name for a shaggy or unkempt person, stemming from the German word "rauch," meaning "rough, hairy." As with many early names such as this, the reference was often in jest. More likely, the origin is in reference to the smoke generated by smithies and thereby would be a trade name. The name was translated to English when the first settlers immigrated to North America, giving rise to such variations as "Smoak" or "Smoke."

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The surname Rauh was first found in Bavaria, where the name was anciently associated with the tribal conflicts of the area. Literally, the name refers to the smoke generated by smithies. For instance, a smith in Zurich was known as "Meister Roeuchli," literally "Mister Smoke," around 1468. The various branches of the Rauch and Raeuchlin families declared allegiances to many nobles and princes of early history, lending their influence in struggles for power and status within the region.

In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Rauh include Raucher, Rauche, Raeuchlin, Reuchlin, Raeuchle, Rauck, Raucker, Raucke, Rauk, Rauker, Rauke, Smoak, Smoke, Ruch and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rauh research. Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1522, 1740, 1743, 1745, 1808, and 1814 are included under the topic Early Rauh History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Prominent among members of the name Rauh in this period include Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522), who was, together with his friend Erasmus, the driving force behind the German Renaissance. He began as a lawyer in the service of the Duke of Wuerttemberg, became a judge of...

Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rauh Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly attractive to those from Bavaria who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. For many Bavarian tenant farmers, the chance to own their own land was a major incentive. So the widespread colonization of the United States began in 1650, when many immigrants from Germany settled in pockets in Pennsylvania, Texas, New York, Illinois, and California. In Canada, German settlement centered in Ontario and the prairie provinces. Among those of this surname listed in various historical records were:

Rauh Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Nicolaus Rauh, who landed in New York, NY in 1709
  • Johann Michael Rauh, who arrived in Frederick County, Maryland in 1728
  • Matthias Rauh, who arrived in America in 1778

Rauh Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Anna M Rauh, aged 54, arrived in New Orleans, La in 1845
  • Christopher Rauh, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1847
  • Jos Rauh, aged 27, landed in Missouri in 1848
  • Friedrich Rauh, who arrived in America in 1857
  • George Rauh, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1879
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  • Mary Jac Rauh, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Oklahoma, 1996
  • Mary Rauh, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Hampshire, 2000, 2008; Presidential Elector for New Hampshire, 2012
  • Louis L. Rauh, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1924
  • Joseph L. Rauh Jr. (1911-1992), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1964, 1980 (alternate); Presidential Elector for District of Columbia, 1972
  • John Rauh, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Senator from New Hampshire, 1992
  • Paul-Hubert Rauh (1913-2005), German Luftwaffe night fighter ace with 31 aerial victories, recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
  • Werner Rauh (1913-2000), German botanist and author
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    2. Gritzner, M. Handbuch der heraldischen Terminologie in zwölf Zungen. Nürnberg: 1890. Print.
    3. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    4. Preuss, Otto. Die Lippischen Familiennamen mit Berücksichtigung der Ortsnamen. Detmold: Meyer'sche Hofbuchh, 1887. Print.
    5. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    6. Bahlow, Hans (Edda Gentry trns). Dictionary of German Names . Madison, Wisconsin: Max Kade Institute, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-924119-35-7).
    7. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    8. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    9. Bahlow, Hans and Edda Gentry. Translation Dictionary of German Names 2nd Edition. Madison: University of Wisconsin, 2002. Print.
    10. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    11. ...

    The Rauh Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rauh Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 28 January 2016 at 12:51.

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