The surname Preshaw was first found in Lancashire at Preesall, with Hackensall, a township, in the chapelry of Stalmine, parish of Lancaster, union of Garstang, hundred of Amounderness. " 'Pressonede' in the Domesday Survey was estimated at six carucates of land: the tithes were granted by Roger de Poictou to the priory of Lancaster."  Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Preesall, held by a steward of the King who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. Literally, the place name means "brushwood headland" from the Old Welsh word "pres" + the Old Viking word "hofuth" or the Old English word "heafod."  Preshaw is a locality near Upham on the slopes of the South Downs.
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Jane Preshaw (1839-1926), née Norgate, English-born, New Zealand nurse, midwife and hospital matron; she arrived in Melbourne, Australia, on 13 December 1856 aboard the Midway as an assisted immigrant at the age of 17 and later emigrated to Hokitika, New Zealand, sometime around 1868