Early Origins of the Philby family
The surname Philby was first found in Norfolk
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the village and lands of Filby, held by Thorold, Sheriff of Lincolnshire
, from William de Warrenne, a Norman Baron, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. At the time of the Domesday the village contained 10 salthouses and was surrounded by Filbey Broad.
Early History of the Philby family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Philby research.Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1273, 1280, 1315, 1325, 1557, 1582, 1582 and 1886 are included under the topic Early Philby History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Philby Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Filby, Filbey, Filbee, Filbie, Philby, Philbey, Phillbee, Fylbey, Fylby and many more.
Early Notables of the Philby family (pre 1700)
Another 25 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Philby Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Philby family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Philby Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- George Philby, aged 20, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Surge" CITATION[CLOSE]
South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SURGE 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/surge1852.shtml
- Maria Philby, aged 18, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Epaminondas" CITATION[CLOSE]
South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) EPAMINONDAS 1852. Retrieved www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/epaminondas1852.shtml