Oncay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Oncay family

The surname Oncay was first found in Buckinghamshire at Olney, a market town and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes. The place dates back to 979 where it was listed as Ollanege. By the time of the Domesday Book, the place name had evolved to Olnei [1] which meant "island, or dry ground in a marsh, of a man called Olla," derived from the Old English personal name + eg. [2]

On November 4th, 1643, Olney was the site of the Battle of Olney Bridge, a skirmish in the First English Civil War. The town has a long history as a lace-making centre, but is best known as the place where the Olney Hymns were written.

John Newton (1725-1807), author of the hymn Amazing Grace was curate of Olney. Some of the family were found in Weston-Underwood in early times. "The church [of Weston-Underwood] is a neat structure, built by Sir John Olney in the 14th century." [3]

Early History of the Oncay family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oncay research. Another 174 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1272, 1800, 1877, 1600, 1682 and 1635 are included under the topic Early Oncay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Oncay Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Olney, Onley, Oneley, Ongley and others.

Early Notables of the Oncay family (pre 1700)

Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oncay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Oncay family

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Thomas and Marie Olney, who settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1635; Thomas and Epenetus Olney settled in Rhode Island in 1720.



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.


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